Thursday, September 3, 2020

Tell the Admission Committee about one thing in your personal or Essay

Educate the Admission Committee regarding one thing in your own or expert life for which you have a lot of energy - Essay Example Inside my own point of view, in any case, enthusiasm is a word that can be connected uniquely to relational connections. Maybe the beginning of my energy is the way that I’ve saw Korea rising up out of a war-torn and isolated nation to get one of the pioneers in universal exchange. The possibility of business being exchanged on a worldwide scale involves collaborating with individuals of shifting foundations and societies. The mix of worldwide exchange and worldwide collaborations on a relational level holds a lot of interest for me. Each individual is a mind boggling substance whose points of view with respect to otherworldliness, mental self view, different gatherings of people, nature and everything remembered for life as we probably am aware it are as extraordinary as snowflakes. Intellectually holding with different spirits has given me a profound valuation for the significance of human contact and has permitted me to develop as an individual in manners that can't be estimated. Both long haul connections and brief discussions in changing circumstances have formed my character just as my perspective on my reality and the world in which I live. I regularly consider how entirely different I would be, my point of view adjusted and thought designs unique than to what they are by and by notwithstanding my energy for individuals. Surely it has given me an increasingly lenient perspective of different people’s culture and conditions than I in any case would have had. It has opened my psyche to acknowledge the tremendous decent varieties inborn in the human experience and acknowledge the way that everybody is on their own interesting way of learning. Every way starts and finishes in immensely divergent focuses with changing degrees of information and encounters contained inside these ways. I have and will keep on gaining from every individual while I quickly cross their way with my own. Ideally, they will profit somehow or another from intersection mine also. Advancing, or developing, socially, expertly and actually relies upon the nature of

Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity Free Essays

Exploring the Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity Almost all substance responses that happen in living beings are catalyzed by compounds. Numerous elements in a cell’s domain influence the activity of a chemical. In this examination, you will structure a test to decide the impact of temperature on a protein catalyzed response. We will compose a custom exposition test on Impact of Temperature on Enzyme Activity or then again any comparable theme just for you Request Now You will finish a whole lab review utilizing the CHS LAB REPORT FORMAT. Key Question How does temperature influence the pace of a protein catalyzed response? Materials †¢Raw liver†¢Forceps †¢Petri dish†¢Labeling tape and pen †¢Dropper pipette†¢Ice shower †¢0. 1% hydrogen peroxide solution†¢3 thermometers †¢Liver puree†¢Warm-water shower †¢25-mL graduated cylinder†¢Clock or watch with second hand †¢5 50-mL beakers†¢Paper towels †¢Filter-paper plates Part An: Observe the Catalase Reaction 1. Put on cover and wellbeing goggles. Use forceps to put a little bit of crude liver in an open petri dish. Utilize a dropper pipette to put a drop of hydrogen peroxide arrangement on the liver. Alert: Hydrogen peroxide can be aggravating to skin and eyes. On the off chance that you spill any on yourself or your garments, wash it off quickly and tell your instructor. See what occurs. RECORD in note pad. Liver contains the catalyst catalase, which separates hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to water (H2O) and oxygen gas (O2). At the point when hydrogen peroxide is separated by catalase, air pockets of oxygen gas are discharged. 2. With your teacher’s direction, select the best possible hardware and innovation to gauge catalase activityâ€a channel paper plate. . To gauge the action of catalase, utilize a graduated chamber to put 25 mL of hydrogen peroxide arrangement in a 50-mL measuring glass. 4. Use forceps to plunge a channel paper circle in liver puree. Spot the channel paper circle on a paper towel for 4 seconds to expel any abundance fluid. 5. Utilize the forceps to put the channel paper circle at the base of the recepticle of hydrogen peroxide arrangement. Watch the ch annel paper circle, and record the quantity of seconds it takes to buoy to the highest point of the fluid. RECORD in note pad. Part B: Design an Experiment 1. Utilize your perception and information to build up a TESTABLE QUESTION and about how temperature will influence the rate at which catalase separates hydrogen peroxide. RECORD in journal : TQ in When†¦Will position; 2. Compose a BACKGROUND segment of the lab by doing some examination about chemicals. Utilize section An of this lab, and the data in segment 2-4 of the reading material to assist you with composing this. Make certain to incorporate the Biological noteworthiness (for what reason does it make a difference how catalysts work; for what reason is it basic to free the cell of H2O2; for what reason is compound particularity critical to the speed of the response), the Content of the class (what is the enzymatic response; what are the items, reactants, and proteins engaged with the substance response; what do you hope to happen to the speed of the response when temperature is controlled; what do proteins do in concoction responses), and the Link to this lab (in what manner will you test this in lab; what are the mv, rv, and cvs in the lab). RECORD in note pad in section group. 3. Compose a HYPOTHESIS to incorporate your expectation of what will occur in the lab. RECORD in scratch pad: HYP in IF†¦THEN†¦BECAUSE position. 4. Plan a test to test your theory. Your exploratory arrangement ought to incorporate PROTOCOL (materials and method in pictures) just as any proper controls and replications (redundancies). Make certain to recognize all controlled, reacting, and controlled factors in your exploratory arrangement. Incorporate any essential security precautionary measures and wellbeing gear in your arrangement. . As you plan your insightful methods, allude to the Lab Tips box on p. 55 of your course book for data on showing safe works on, settling on astute decisions in the utilization of materials, and choosing gear and innovation. 6. Build a DATA table like the one underneath in which to record the consequences of your analysis. Perform you explore ONLY after you have acquired your teacher’s endorsement of your arrangement. RECORD information in your note pad. Information Table Temperature (oC)Time (seconds)Observations Trial 1Trial2Trial3 Control Temperature: 7. Make a diagram of the aftereffects of your examination. Plot temperature on the x-pivot and the variable by which you estimated catalase movement on the y-hub. RECORD the chart in your scratch pad under the ANALYSIS segment. Clarify this diagram. 8. Make a chart of class brings about the ANALYSIS area. Clarify this chart. Notwithstanding your diagram, compose the remainder of the ANALYSIS area of the lab, utilizing the CHS LAB REPORT FORMAT. Remember the accompanying for your scratch pad: Explain what ought to have happened Identify what ought to have happened including the connection between the time it takes the plate to buoy to the top and the measure of catalase action; the ideal temperature for the catalyst; the shape change of proteins when not in homeostasis and how that changes the viability of the chemical. Clarify what really happened †¢Summarize information Explain why these outcomes happened by fusing foundation data †¢Again, utilize the data from the foundation area (protein structure, catalyst work, homeostasis, temperature, pH, and so on) to clarify the genuine outcomes. Contrast real with anticipated outcomes (depict and clarify likenesses and differencesâ€use numbers) Use straightforward measurements to disclose information †¢Be sure to utilize the two boundaries spoke to (coldest, most smoking, quickest, slowest) and make certain to utilize midpoints (gathering and class) compute percent change if fitting State likely human mistakes and how these influenced the information †¢What did turn out badly, what could’ve turned out badly, clarify Explain how the analysis could’ve been done any other way †¢Did this lab convention really test the testable inquiry? Were the controlled factors really controlled? †¢What could’ve been controlled better? †¢Was the test control really controlled? 9. Compose a CONCLUSION for the lab, again alluding to the CHS position. RECORD in your note pad and make certain to incorporate the accompanying: †¢Re-express the speculation and show whether it was bolstered or dism issed †¢Did this convention answer the principal question? †¢What controlled variable(s) could be changed to more readily address the essential inquiry? (Portray in any event two distinct ones) Step by step instructions to refer to Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity, Essay models

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Sarcasm in Pride and Prejudice free essay sample

Mockery in Pride and Prejudice Criticizing Social Class â€Å"It is a reality generally recognized, that a solitary man possessing a favorable luck, must be in need of a wife† (1). The initial sentence of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice doesn't just contain the novel’s significant subject of marriage, yet in addition presents a significant complex gadget the writer has been utilizing all through the entire book: Sarcasm. For additional argumentation, one would need to characterize the importance of â€Å"sarcasm†. The Free Online Dictionary gives a few meanings of mockery: 1. A cutting, regularly amusing, comment planned to wound. 2. A type of mind that is set apart by the utilization of mocking language and is expected to make its casualty the butt of disdain or derision. Two principle viewpoints must be taken a gander at in detail, once more: the referencing of â€Å"ridicule† and the significance of â€Å"wit†. â€Å"Ridicule† is the component that is joined to a large portion of the characters in Pride and Prejudice and can honey bee found in the character’s own conduct or it is pointed at in remarks of others. We will compose a custom exposition test on Mockery in Pride and Prejudice or then again any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The significance of â€Å"wit† is considerably increasingly significant, as the Free Online Dictionary characterizes it as â€Å"the capacity to see and express in a keenly funny way the connection between apparently incoherent or divergent things. † Actually, Jane Austen is completely ready to deliver this sort of mind and uses it to create mockery as the novel goes on, as will be talked about later. As a peruser of Pride and Prejudice, the initial sentence may appear to be straight forward from the start sight and not the slightest bit doubtful. The need of persuading wedded is by all accounts normal and human. All things considered, by perusing on, one will discover Mrs Bennet, the mother of five youthful unmarried women, narrowing this first sentence to: â€Å"Oh! Single, my dear, no doubt! A solitary man of enormous fortune; four or 5,000 per year. What a fine thing for our young ladies! †, while revealing to her better half about a youthful very much settled man having moved to a close by home (1). This sort of changing the significance of a sentence or even entire entry into a mocking one, is basically the â€Å"wit† having been reported before. Having perused the entire story, a mindful peruser will have understood that Mrs Bennet is â€Å"a lady of mean seeing, little data, and questionable temper. At the point when she was unhappy she liked herself anxious. A mind-blowing matter was to get her little girls wedded; its comfort was visiting and news† (3). Subsequently, as of now the main sentence abruptly shows up in a wry tone in the event that we take in thought this â€Å"universally acknowledgement† rather appears Mrs Bennet’s own affirmation, or considerably more: her craving. One could contend that Mrs Bennet coming about presents a character that is exaggerated so as to be snickered about, as Kalil additionally states in her note on Pride and Prejudice. Anyway her status in the public arena and her day to day environment totally changes this view. As a caring mother, who has as a main priority, that her little girls will always be unable to recruit the house they live in, she normally would have no other idea than wedding her little girls to a man in â€Å"good fortune† who will have the option to bear the cost of a home for them two. This is likewise the motivation behind why Mrs Bennet doesn't worry about her second oldest little girl, Elizabeth, getting hitched to Mr Collins, her husband’s cousin and minister, who will recruit the house the Bennet family lives in. As a matter of fact, Mrs Bennet discovers Mr Collin â€Å"odious† (46), â€Å"hypocritical† (46) and a â€Å"false friend† (46), and in this way he would under no situation be a decent gathering for her Elizabeth, however the reality of him being the recruit of Longbourne, causes her to permit him to propose to Elizabeth. In reality, this shows individuals of the white collar class here and there should act peculiarly or even like a cartoon (Blumenroth. 006: 17) so as to ascend the social stepping stool. The characters in the story that are situated on a more elevated level of society, then again, are certainly introduced mockingly by the suggested creator herself, or even by centering characters in the story. Therefore one can say that Jane Austen presents characters of higher class in a snide manner so as to scrutinize the privileged. Starting with the character in the novel, who is most noteworthy on the social stepping stool: Lady Catherine De Bourgh. Being the little girl of a baron and the widow of Sir Lewis De Bourgh, make her ready to possess a sumptuous house, named Rosings. Woman Catherine particularly shows her self-important character in numerous sections of the novel: She knows about her higher position and along these lines accepts that she claims the privilege of amending everybody and controlling the lives of people around her (Ernst. 2008:23) Nevertheless, numerous entries can be discovered, which delineate how restricted Jane Austen was to the character she herself made, which she communicates trough mockery. The main perspective that stands apart by breaking down Lady Catherine is her conduct, which totally doesn't accommodate her high position. First presented by Mr Collins in part 14, she is depicted as following: The subject raised [Mr Collins] to more than expected seriousness of way, and with a most significant angle he fought that he had at no point ever seen such conduct in an individual of rank †such approachability and loftiness, as he had himself experienced from Lady Catherine. † (50) obviously, this depiction is being cen tered by Mr Collins and isn't a characterisation by the omniscient storyteller †the suggested creator. How him centering this depiction, impacts the picture the peruser gets of Lady Catherine, will be talked about later. In any case, Mrs Bennet concurs that this conduct of Lady Catherine is by all accounts â€Å"all extremely appropriate and civil†, and she includes that :†it is a pity that extraordinary women when all is said in done are not increasingly like her† (50). As Mr Collins proceeds, he adulates Lady Catherine’s assessment on young ladies because of their recognized birth being set apart by incredibly excellence (50). Taking in thought that Lady Catherine’s little girl is of a wiped out constitution, which keeps her from â€Å"making the advancement in numerous accomplishments† (51), it isn't just senseless, yet considerably progressively mocking of Lady Catherine discussing young lady in that manner. Her extremism makes her believe that birth-given position makes excellence, which is unknowingly mockingly remarked on, by Mr Collins. This is as of now the initial segment in the novel, which presents Lady Catherine in a wry way, in light of the fact that the peruser will later understand that Lady Catherine is an annoying and disagreeable individual and that her habits don't accommodate her economic wellbeing. Taking her awful habits in thought, likewise Mrs Bennet’s comment will unquestionably solid snidely. Moreover, to Lady Catherine’s conduct, which makes her high status effectively sketchy, she is simply the person who makes look significantly increasingly ludicrous. A key-section of this â€Å"self-destroying† activity is appeared in volume III, part 14, when Lady Catherine drops by Longbourne in the early morning to blame Elizabeth for spreading the report of wedding Lady Catherine’s nephew Mr Darcy. In this discussion, she blames Elizabeth for her status not being sufficiently high for her nephew of favorable luck, Mr Darcy, whom she proposed to wed her own girl. Unexpectedly, Lady Catherine doesn't just affront Elizabeth during this discourse, however much more, humiliates her nephew by blaming him for being crazy by proposing to a lady of Elizabeth’s class. She in this way scrutinizes his capacity to pick the correct lady to wed. This scene incorporates considerably increasingly mocking hits at Lady Catherine, which are introduced through Elizabeth’s answers and contentions. While Lady Catherine can hardly imagine how the gossip about her nephew and Elizabeth ought to the littlest record be valid, she by and by goes right to Longbourne to get some information about it face to face. As Elizabeth fittingly comments, the Lady would have never made this long way out to her home in the event that she was unquestionably secure with the marriage being difficult to occur. Woman Catherine, understanding that her apparently solid and vivacious appearance don't influence Elizabeth, at last cried in rage: â€Å" [†¦] I am nearly the closest connection he has on the planet, and am qualified for realize all his dearest concerns! † (271) At this purpose of the discussion, it becomes clear that Lady Catherine has an absolutely irregular meaning of â€Å"relation†. She asserts that she has a deep understanding of her nephew’s concerns, yet at the same time she needs to get some information about the purportedly marriage, rather than asking him straightforwardly or in any event, having been told by him ahead of time. She feels that being connected relatives makes her increasingly significant and considerably progressively near him as Elizabeth, whom he may be enamored with. This doesn't just show that Lady Catherine, the individual of most noteworthy status in the novel, can't assess her capacity and impact on individuals, yet additionally that she has a totally off-base picture of connections and sentiments. Another entry, prior in the novel, additionally shows how biased Lady Catherine is introduced. At the point when Elizabeth is welcomed by Mr Collins to right off the bat meet Lady Catherine at latter’s house, she is posed a few inquiries about her family and her training. With regards to discuss her four sisters, who have all been raised by her mom without the assistance of a tutor, Lady Catherine is confused about it: â€Å"Has your tutor left you? † â€Å"We never had any governess† [†¦] â

Ethics paper on pollution

Morals paper on contamination Morals paper on contamination Morals Paper On Contamination Created Countries Have a Higher Obligation to Combat Climate Change Arranged by Mohammad Ul Haque Id:0147217 MG660-Strategic Marketing Arranged for Educator Michael Altamiran Accommodation date: 10/15/2014 15 October 2015. Educator Michael Altamirano Rulers Graduate School Monroe College Subject: Letter of transmittal (Ethics Paper) Dear Sir, It is a tremendous delight for me to submit you Ethics Paper titled Pollution. I have attempted my best to make this report useful. In any case, in spite of my best exertion their may stay a few defects in the report. I trust and implore that the missteps will be benevolently pardoned. Ultimately I would be grateful by and by you don't mind offer your reasonable guidance on exertion. Earnestly yours, Mohammad Mahfuz Ul haque ID No.:0147217 MBA Program Official Summary The fundamental driver of the climatic change is because of contamination. Contamination is the fundamental purpose behind this worldwide climatic change and this misfortune. Contamination is a major issue and it must be handled by the joined exertion of numerous countries. Contamination can be handled by numerous methods , most of the contamination originates from a portion of the Developed and Developing nations. Contamination is comprehensively grouped into four sorts, Land contamination, Water contamination, Noise contamination and Air contamination. Every one of these contaminations add to the worldwide climatic change. These are the significant contaminations that cause numerous misfortunes. Climatic states of the world relies upon different factors, for example, precipitation, water flows, sea tides, storms and mugginess. Climate specialists accept that every one of these variables that impact the climate conditions are influenced by contamination. So the climate states of a n ation is influenced by its contamination. A few specialists recommend that contaminations additionally influences the yields and timberlands that are basics for keeping up the climate conditions. Because of contamination climate examples and precipitation designs change immensely and this achieves disappointment of yields and even dry season now and again. For a solid horticulture in a nation the climatic conditions and the precipitation of that nation must be steady , it ought not change immensely. Consequently climatic changes brought about by contamination influences the farming of a nation and in this way in a roundabout way influencing the individuals of that nation. It has been evaluated by a review that the food we eat , water that we drink and the air that we inhale are dirtied. There are about 20% of individuals are passing on of contamination. Contamination is brought about by toxins , they are the specialists that cause contamination. Poisons are discharged by numerous methods, for example, enterprises, houses, transport wreck , autos, copying of oil based goods and dumping of squanders in the open space. Toxins are of various sorts, they can be broken down in water, spread through air or get kept in the dirt and they all reason contamination in the entirety of their structures. Poisons that are discharged by ventures are a few times poisonous and can influence the living things. A portion of the harmful toxins that are discharged by the enterprises are zinc, lead, nitrous, oxide of nitrous, oxides of sulfur, peroxides and radioactive squanders. Contamination and the worldwide climatic conditions can be handled by just by co-activity among different nation. The greater part of the nations have a band on discharging certain unsafe synthetic concoctions into the air , these kind of band must be made a law and they should be carefully actualized. All the businesses must check their outflows for any harmful poisons and they should channel them before discharging their gases into the environment. Each nation must follow the strategy of REUSE,REDUCE and RECYCLE. Chapter by chapter guide 1. Presentation: 2. Types and Causes of Pollution Air Pollution Water Pollution Soil contamination Commotion contamination Radioactive contamination Warm/heat contamination Light contamination 3. Impacts of Pollution: Condition Degradation: Human Health: A dangerous atmospheric devation: Ozone Layer Depletion: Barren Land:

Friday, August 21, 2020

Bullfighting in spain Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Bullfighting in spain - Essay Example Osborne took the test and designed a twenty three foot, 9,000 pound bull. It turned into a moment milestone. The bull, in the same way as other different ads around the Spanish open country, where part of an unpredictable social showcase that pulled in outsiders and kept the country’s personality. It was ordered among other social marvel, for example, Escorial, the Acueduct, Giralde, and the flamenco show which are all significant vacation destinations in Spain (Garry, 28). Today there are more than 90 Osborne bulls around the nation filling in as land imprints and vacation spot everywhere throughout the nation. During administrative take action against the significance of the Osborne bull since it quit being related with the refinery any longer, it was loved as a promotion or a vacation spot, yet additionally a genuine portrayal of the Spaniards’ culture of bull battling. The way of life is so wide spread around the nation thus profoundly implanted inside the general public that go similarly as emblazoning on garments, mugs among other beautifying objects. Local mascots can be found around the nation giving the game the acknowledgment and energy it requires. All things considered, bullfighting has not been acknowledged with great enthusiasm since it very well may be viewed as creature pitilessness since the bull is â€Å"tortured† before it is executed. Creature activists everywhere throughout the world have concocted reason after explanation have the training prohibited in Spain. In Catalonia, for example, they consider this conduct unseemly and are as a rule challenging it at their Spanish Embassy. They gang a moral test demanding that no human with their constraint of profound quality would experience the procedure of bull battle and come out sound (Bradley, 34). Before the bull is placed into the ring or corrida it needs to experience merciless three stages, otherwise called tercio, to prepared it for the approaching exhibition. In the initial step,

Tuesday, August 4, 2020

Understanding Work-In-Progress (WIP) When Analyzing Financial Statements

Understanding Work-In-Progress (WIP) When Analyzing Financial Statements For someone with very little to no background in accounting or financial matters, making business decisions based on the results of reviewing and analyzing financial statements and other financial reports can be quite intimidating. In fact, that is the reason why you hear about a lot of company executives leaving the job in the hands of staff members who they think have the right qualifications and knowledge.For example, they’ll have their accountants do the reviewing â€" more formally, it is referred to as “financial statements analysis â€" and then have them interpret the results and make recommendations in layman’s terms. In short, in business language that they can understand.That’s all well and good, but don’t you think it would be better if you knew a little more about the basics of financial statements analysis? It doesn’t mean that you should know the often too intricate processes and methodologies of analyzing financial statements, but only to get the basic idea or the gist of things.To a certain extent, this will let you keep a handle on most things, maintaining a degree of awareness about how the business is really performing, instead of simply and blindly going along with what your accountants tell you. That way, you will also feel more confident in your decisions. Plus, it also minimizes the risks of you being swindled by those who advise you on these matters, and surely you want to make sure of that, don’t you?Granted, financial statements analysis is not something that can be easily learned. There are simply too many factors to consider and a lot of elements at play. One of the elements that often give rise to confusions in the review of financial statements is the Inventory account.It’s certainly not much of a problem in a merchandising concern where, often, there is only one type of inventory maintained. It becomes a bit complicated in a manufacturing concern, because there are several inventories to consider, mainly depending o n the stages of completion, including Finished Goods Inventory and Work-in-Progress.The confusion is definitely going to be greater if we also consider the Raw Materials Inventory and other inventories of indirect supplies and materials used in the production process.But don’t worry. We don’t want to overwhelm you with too much information all at once, so we’ll take things one at a time. By the end of this discussion, you will understand Work-in-Progress in the context of financial statements analysis. WHAT IS WORK-IN-PROGRESS?Work-in-Progress, or WIP, is a component of the Inventory account, which is reflected in the Asset section of the Balance Sheet (or the Statement of Financial Position). You may have seen other companies use the account title “Work-in-Process”. They’re the same thing.WIP is clearly different from the other types of inventory for manufacturing concerns. Raw Materials Inventory includes the direct materials that are still in their unaltered form, prior to being placed into production; WIP includes the materials that have been subjected to processing, regardless of the degree or extent. Finished Goods Inventory, on the other hand, includes those that have been completed, after undergoing the entire production process, and are now ready for sale; WIP are still unfinished and certainly not yet ready to be sold.Production Cost (or Manufacturing Cost) refers to the total costs put into the production or manufacturing process in order to complete products that have been partially worked on or completed. It includes all the costs that have been incurred at various stages of the production process, and has three elements:Raw materials, or the materials directly used in the production processDirect labor, or the wages of worker or staff directly involved in the production processAllocated overhead (e.g. indirect materials, indirect labor, and other overhead expenses, such as utilities and depreciation directly traceable to the production process)At the end of the reporting period, the amount corresponding to the cost of goods that have been placed into process, but are not yet completed, is the ending inventory of the WIP. This is the figure that will be included in the Inventory account presented in the Balance Sheet.But you have to be careful here. In financial statements analysis, the WIP may also refer to the portion of the total Production Costs that was actually used in the production process. Instead of an asset account, it will form part of the cost of goods manufactured, which will appear in the Income Statement. The formula to arrive at that figure is:WIP Inventory, beginning balanceXXXAdd: Costs put into process     Raw Materials UsedXX     Direct LaborXX     Factory OverheadXXTotal Production CostXXXLess: WIP Inventory, ending balance(XXX)WIP UsedXXXConfused yet? You’d understand this better if we go over the production process for a bit.WHERE DOES WIP FIT IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS?Depending on the product being manufactured and the business processes and practices of the company, the production process may be simple and straightforward, or it may be complex and composed of more than a few stages or phases. At every stage of the production process, costs will be added, and these costs will be accumulated in the WIP.Once the raw materials and even the indirect materials have been placed into the production process, they cease to be raw materials and become WIP. However, since they have not yet fully gone t hrough the entire production process and remain unfinished, they still aren’t classified as Finished Goods.You can then say that the WIP is indicative of the flow of manufacturing costs from one production stage to the succeeding stages. Now how does WIP figure into the process of analyzing financial statements? We’ll get to that soon. But first, we have to establish what businesses should aim for with regards to WIP.WHAT SHOULD BUSINESSES AIM FOR WITH RESPECT TO WIP?As much as possible, retail and merchandising businesses want to have a reasonable balance in their Inventory accounts. Not too large, but not completely zero, either. This same goal applies to WIP, which directly relates to the production process of the company.Manufacturing companies are more concerned with keeping its production at optimal levels. Production management that aims to keep things at such optimal levels means that the firm should put effort in minimizing its WIP.Why is that? Shouldn’t you aim for a higher amount to appear in the Balance Sheet? Not necessarily, considering that the accounts and components have varying implications.The main reason why you should keep your WIP at minimal levels is to keep the associated costs low. You se e, WIP, or any inventory for that matter, requires storage and warehousing. While awaiting completion, they will take up floor space in your warehouse, and will also require the use of various utilities to “preserve” them until such time that they can be processed further for completion. Your warehouse will utilize electricity, and you may have to spend on manpower costs to maintain them and even keep them secure.What if you don’t store them and, instead, keep them in the assembly line? Well, that is even worse, because it means that you have WIP in queue, and it is holding up the flow of work in the production process. The likely effects are backlogs and slow production rates, which can result to bigger problems when you are unable to meet a high demand from customers.Further, this means that the cost is tied up in the inventory account. You won’t be able to invest those funds or use them for other business purposes while they are still tied up in WIP. If you have a high WI P, there is a large amount that you won’t be able to invest until they have been completed and sold.You’re going to understand this well when we go into analyzing the financial statements.WIP IN HORIZONTAL ANALYSISHorizontal analysis, which you may also know as trend analysis, involves comparing financial statement data over a series of reporting periods, with the intention to see the trend or pattern of financial information on operations of a business from period to period. The main concern is to note the increases or decreases, if any. The comparison may spark greater interest if there are obvious discrepancies or differences, prompting management and investors to look deeper into the operations, for the reason or cause of said differences.In the horizontal analysis of the Balance Sheet, the balances of the different accounts under the three categories â€" Assets, Liabilities and Stockholders’ (or Owners’, depending on the form of business) â€" are compared with that of t he balances of previous years to recognize trends and spot any irregularities.As we have already established earlier, WIP forms part of Inventories account, which is under the Current Asset heading in the Asset section. In some cases, the comparison will be made using the total figures of each period for Inventories, but it would be more accurate to compare the respective balances of the various components of the Inventories account.What can you tell if you employ horizontal analysis on WIP?An increase in the ending WIP inventory from period to period may indicatethat there is an increase in the demand for the company’s products, if Sales levels also show an upward trend;that the company is manufacturing more or faster than it can actually sell, if Sales levels are decreasing or remain relatively stable/constant; andthat the production process may be experiencing a slowdown and cannot complete products fast enough to meet deadlines, resulting to excess WIP inventory, if Sales leve ls show a downward trend.A decrease in the ending WIP inventory from period to period may indicatethat the company is not manufacturing enough products, or the production process is not fast enough to manufacture products, that will meet the demand; anda weakening in the demand for the company’s products, prompting management to revisit its production processes and marketing programs.WIP IN VERTICAL ANALYSISIf Horizontal Analysis involves the evaluation of a series of financial statements for more than one reporting period, Vertical Analysis focuses on the financial statement of a company for a single period. In this method, each line item of the financial statement is treated as a percentage of the whole.The purpose of this type of analysis is to determine the proportion of account balances. If it turns out that there is an abnormal disparity between the proportion of Current Assets and Non-Current Assets to the Total Assets, this is bound to prompt management to reassess how it utilizes its resources in its operations. You are likely to use this method when you’re comparing the financial data and performance of different companies, regardless of the difference in their sizes.For example, in the Balance Sheet, each line item is taken as a percentage of the Total Assets. Meanwhile, in the Income Statement, each expenditure and cost line item is taken as a percentage of the Total Sales.As an illustration, here’s an excerpt of the Inventories section of two different-sized companies in the same industry. Company ACOMPANY ACOMPANY BAmount (in USD)Amount (in USD)Raw Materials12,000 (4.3%)170,000 (9.1%)Work in Process26,000 (9.4%)240,000 (12.9%)Finished Goods11,000 (4.0%)260,000 (14.0%)Total Inventories49,000 (17.8%)670,000 (36.2%)Total Assets275,000 (100%)1,850,000 (100%)The above data, combined with results of analysis of the other line items and the various factors that may affect them, will give you more information on which company is performing better f inancially.This will provide a clearer and more accurate picture, rather than simply relying on the bottom figures (Total Assets, Total Sales, and Net Income).WIP IN FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSISAlthough horizontal and vertical analysis methods are used often, there is no doubt that the most prefer to employ financial ratios in analyzing financial statement data. The preference is because these ratios easier and quicker to use, and they are applicable even when you are analyzing financial statement data over time, or among businesses within the same industry.Financial ratios are also more specific. If you want to know something about a company’s financial state, such as its liquidity or profitability, all you have to do is use the appropriate financial ratios.And yes, WIP also figures greatly when you use financial ratio analysis. Let’s go over some of the most salient points.Current RatioCurrent Ratio is a prime ratio used to measure a company’s liquidity, or its ability to quickl y convert its assets into cash when it is in the middle of a financial crisis, and still continue its operations.This ratio shows the relationship between your current assets and current liabilities. Do not forget that your WIP ending inventory balance is a component of your current assets. It is computed using the formula below. How it works:   Obviously, you’d want a high Current Ratio, such as 3:1 or 4:1, since this means you won’t have any trouble turning your current assets â€" even your WIP â€" into cash whenever you run into financial difficulties. This means you have more Accounts Receivables that you can collect on and Finished Goods Inventory that you can sell. You probably even have short-term marketable securities that you can quickly sell to raise some cash.Of course, this is not conclusive when it comes to inventories, which are not entirely liquid. The WIP, for example, cannot be sold immediately precisely because they are NOT yet completed and therefore they are NOT yet ready for sale. Unless, of course, the nature of the product allows it to be salable even when it is partially completed. For example, a manufacturer of electronics products may sell its partially completed units in its WIP to another company with similar manufacturing operations. That could work.That’s why you shouldn’ t take the Current Ratio at face value alone. You still have to dig deeper into the components. What if Inventories, particularly the generally-unsellable WIP, make up a very large part of Current Assets? Then it could mean that your company is not as liquid as you thought.Working CapitalWorking Capital serves as an indicator of your ability to meet your current obligations as they fall due. These current obligations include those that are usually incurred in the normal operations of the business, such as electricity bills and other utilities, salaries and wages, and payments on short-term loans.Working Capital     =     Current Assets â€" Current LiabilitiesHow it works: You’d definitely want to have a higher amount of working capital, since this means that you are in a better position to make your payments on time, as they fall due. With respect to WIP, Working Capital will tell you about the WIP Days, or the average number of days that you can afford to keep units or jobs i n progress before they are completed and delivered to customers.WIP Days     =     Total Current WIP Used / Total Production Cost x No. of DaysTo illustrate, let us say that, for the year, the total Production Costs add up to $3,000,000. Currently, the total WIP used amounts to $1,300,000, and you operate for 360 days in a year. By applying the formula above, the WIP Days is equal to 156 days.What does this mean? This means that units or jobs should be in progress for an average of 156 days. If you go beyond that, you might not be able to sell the finished goods because the customers looked elsewhere for another source. Therefore, you have to make sure the production process goes on smoothly, and that you are not taking more jobs or orders than you can take on.Inventory TurnoverInventory Turnover, or inventory turns, will show you how effective you are at managing your inventory levels. Take a look at the formula below. You might be wondering how WIP comes into play in this, since Inventory Turnover actually refers to the Finished Goods Inventory, and how it fares in comparison to your sales level during a specific period.Let me walk you through it. In the formula above, you have to get two figures. The Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) and the Average Inventories. The Average Inventories is easy enough, since you only have to take the average between the beginning and ending balances of the Finished Goods Inventory.It’s the COGS part that you have to pay closer attention to. COGS, by the way, is the equivalent of Cost of Sales in a retail business, referring to the cost of goods or products that were actually sold during the period.Finished Goods Inventory, beginning balanceXXXAdd: Cost of Goods ManufacturedXXXTotal Cost of Goods Available for SaleXXXDeduct: Finished Goods Inventory, ending balance(XXX)Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)XXXStill don’t see where WIP comes in? Be patient. In the computation, you h ave to have a separate computation to get your Cost of Goods Manufactured, which basically refers to the production costs that apply to the products that have been completed during the reporting period.WIP Inventory, beginning balanceXXXAdd:     Raw or Direct Materials usedXX     Direct Labor employed/usedXX     Allocated/Assigned OverheadXXTotal Manufacturing Costs IncurredXXXDeduct:                             WIP Inventory, ending balance(XXX)Cost of Goods ManufacturedXXXThere you go.How it works:   This ratio will tell you about your inventory management and sales performance. Generally, a high WIP used means a high Cost of Goods Manufactured, which will also increase your Cost of Goods Sold. Usually, this also means a high Inventory Turnover Ratio, which is preferred, since it may indicate strong sales performance. It may also be an indicator that you are not holding any excess inventory and incurring related inventory costs unnecessarily.If you take a look at the Balance Sheet and the Income Statement, there is no doubt that you will find more areas where WIP â€" be it the Inventory account or the WIP used or incurred during the period â€" will have an impact. In fact, it is safe to say that WIP has an effect on the net income or overall profitability of the company.WRAPPING IT UP…Through the analysis of financial statements, you will be able to see how important it is to also include the WIP in your inventory management and control policies and activities. After all, it is a critical component of the production process, and every movement will have an effect on your financial statements.

Monday, June 22, 2020

Journalism Ethics and Issues Term Paper - 275 Words

Journalism Ethics and Issues (Term Paper Sample) Content: Name:Institution:Course:Date:Journalism Ethics and IssuesA.In this article, Glenn Greenwald and Ben Keller debate on whether or not American journalists should write articles from an objective perspective. Keller proceeds to recommend that journalists should try to use the traditional writing styles, which encourages every journalist to write from an objective and unbiased perspective. This would ensure that facts are presented regarding an issue any prejudice. On the other hand, Greenwald argues that journalists have a strong opinion towards every situation thus; they should be open about expressing it without wavering. This is so because what they wish to express can leak into an article they produce, or can be the mindset that guides them to publish a story. Keller clarifies that writing with a traditional perspective encourages peace with the audience since the author is simply stating the facts rather than writing with an impartial mindset. However, Glennà ¢Ã¢â€ š ¬s logic seems to be more realistic since most journalists already have a strong opinion about any topic. This is even clear where some of the journalists go ahead to pursue producing certain stories with the sole purpose of supporting their belief.Great speculation about the future of news has overtime focused on the business model. This means how companies generate revenue to pay the journalists and disseminate the news. However, the contrary opinion of Glenn raises a profound question about what journalism is becoming, about its values and character. This changes the perception we have towards journalism as merely gathering news and tries to raise the fact that every journalist has the right to express their thoughts and ideas on what they gather. This brings about a revolution where journalists can easily write from a highly biased perspective. In any case, trying to get all journalists to write from the objective perspective is impractical. This is because journalism is more about reporting on news and politics where different authors often have their own belief. Moreover, even if journalists are able to produce stories that are unresponsive the quality of the article may suffer and sound emotionless, lack uniqueness, or dull to make it fascinating to the readers. In his last letter, Greenwald makes it clear that journalism is about being honest. Honesty enables an author to write from a genuine authentic perspective without holding any emotional and political viewpoint regarding the issue they are writing.The thoughts presented by Glenn Greenwald inspires every journalist in the world today to think about airing their own opinion rather that sticking to traditional approaches. The sincerity of journalists makes the quality of the article more passionate and engaging. Therefore, every journalist should consider their intrinsic qualities in writing rather than conveying facts that readers find monotonous and disengaging.B.(1)The chair of CBS News, Jeff F ager, made a decision to ask Lara Logan and her producer, Max McClellan to take a leave of absence. This was because of the broadcast, which Lara interviewed a security officer following the Benghazi attack. In every News channel, the executive producer carries the mandate to ensure that what is aired is entirely viable. In this incident, many deceptions got through and directly affected the company. Thus, the management saw the need to make an ideal decision that would ensure that such incidents do not happen in the future. The fact that Lara and the Producer had not verified the viability of information presented by the security officer was entirely wrong. 60 minutes fell short by broadcasting a discredited account of an important story, and did not take the full advantage of reporting abilities that would have prevented it from happening.There seem to be a lot of pride in CBS News. Every broadcast is working hard to live up to the high standards of the company in excellent report ing. Therefore, finding a replacement was the best option. However, the company should ensure that they have a stipulated guideline through which the company verifies the viability of interviewed persons. Most importantly, emphasis should be directed towards confirming the accountability of every aired story. It is clear that CBS News resources were not efficiently employed in an effort to confirm this account. If the reporter and producer utilized these resources to inside FBI sources, they would have identified the conflicting accounts of the story. The changes that I would recommend for the company is developing a News Standards Panel,... Journalism Ethics and Issues Term Paper - 275 Words Journalism Ethics and Issues (Term Paper Sample) Content: Name:Institution:Course:Date:Journalism Ethics and IssuesA.In this article, Glenn Greenwald and Ben Keller debate on whether or not American journalists should write articles from an objective perspective. Keller proceeds to recommend that journalists should try to use the traditional writing styles, which encourages every journalist to write from an objective and unbiased perspective. This would ensure that facts are presented regarding an issue any prejudice. On the other hand, Greenwald argues that journalists have a strong opinion towards every situation thus; they should be open about expressing it without wavering. This is so because what they wish to express can leak into an article they produce, or can be the mindset that guides them to publish a story. Keller clarifies that writing with a traditional perspective encourages peace with the audience since the author is simply stating the facts rather than writing with an impartial mindset. However, Glennà ¢Ã¢â€ š ¬s logic seems to be more realistic since most journalists already have a strong opinion about any topic. This is even clear where some of the journalists go ahead to pursue producing certain stories with the sole purpose of supporting their belief.Great speculation about the future of news has overtime focused on the business model. This means how companies generate revenue to pay the journalists and disseminate the news. However, the contrary opinion of Glenn raises a profound question about what journalism is becoming, about its values and character. This changes the perception we have towards journalism as merely gathering news and tries to raise the fact that every journalist has the right to express their thoughts and ideas on what they gather. This brings about a revolution where journalists can easily write from a highly biased perspective. In any case, trying to get all journalists to write from the objective perspective is impractical. This is because journalism is more about reporting on news and politics where different authors often have their own belief. Moreover, even if journalists are able to produce stories that are unresponsive the quality of the article may suffer and sound emotionless, lack uniqueness, or dull to make it fascinating to the readers. In his last letter, Greenwald makes it clear that journalism is about being honest. Honesty enables an author to write from a genuine authentic perspective without holding any emotional and political viewpoint regarding the issue they are writing.The thoughts presented by Glenn Greenwald inspires every journalist in the world today to think about airing their own opinion rather that sticking to traditional approaches. The sincerity of journalists makes the quality of the article more passionate and engaging. Therefore, every journalist should consider their intrinsic qualities in writing rather than conveying facts that readers find monotonous and disengaging.B.(1)The chair of CBS News, Jeff F ager, made a decision to ask Lara Logan and her producer, Max McClellan to take a leave of absence. This was because of the broadcast, which Lara interviewed a security officer following the Benghazi attack. In every News channel, the executive producer carries the mandate to ensure that what is aired is entirely viable. In this incident, many deceptions got through and directly affected the company. Thus, the management saw the need to make an ideal decision that would ensure that such incidents do not happen in the future. The fact that Lara and the Producer had not verified the viability of information presented by the security officer was entirely wrong. 60 minutes fell short by broadcasting a discredited account of an important story, and did not take the full advantage of reporting abilities that would have prevented it from happening.There seem to be a lot of pride in CBS News. Every broadcast is working hard to live up to the high standards of the company in excellent report ing. Therefore, finding a replacement was the best option. However, the company should ensure that they have a stipulated guideline through which the company verifies the viability of interviewed persons. Most importantly, emphasis should be directed towards confirming the accountability of every aired story. It is clear that CBS News resources were not efficiently employed in an effort to confirm this account. If the reporter and producer utilized these resources to inside FBI sources, they would have identified the conflicting accounts of the story. The changes that I would recommend for the company is developing a News Standards Panel,...

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Hamlet Questions and answers Essay - 2075 Words

Hamlet ACT 1, Scene 1 and 2 Questions 1.1 1. What happens when Francisco and Bernardo meet at the beginning of 1.1? Where are we, and when? Why is there confusion over which one is supposed to challenge the other by asking Whos there? Why is Horatio with Bernardo and Marcellus? Who is he? They saw something strange, we are at Denmark. He is asking â€Å"who’s there?† It is because he’s not sure what is there by judging the shadow he saw and it is at night causing the visibility becomes very low as well. Horatio was with Bernardo and Marcellus because they have both seen the ghost of King Hamlet, and Horatio has come to help them determine the origin of the ghost. 2. What is Horatios initial response to the story of†¦show more content†¦Marcellus believes that the ghost left because they had angered it when they attempted to force the ghost to speak using violence, but Horatio notes that it was the roster crowing that stopped the ghost from speaking and then leaving. 5. What is the purpose of the two discussions of the crowing of the cock, Horatios pagan one and Marcellus Christian one (1.1.130 - 164)? Horatio tells the others that the rosters crowing awaken a god of daylight and any ghosts who are wandering on the earth are forced to hide until night comes. On the other had Marcellus states that daytime is similar to Christs Resurrection, and that no evil thing can roam the Earth during the sacred and hallowed time. These two different discussions regarding the rooster crowing are symbolic of the overall confusion and determination of the ghost purpose there. Prince Hamlet later questions if the ghost is something of evil origins there to tempt him into committing sins, or if the ghost is merely trying to help and warn him, and is a victim of the the daylight gods reign. 1.2 1. What is the threat from young Fortinbras? (ll. 17-41)? How is Claudius responding to the threat? (You may also want to keep in mind that the name Claudius appears only in the opening stage direction for 1.2. The name is never spoken in the play. He is simply the King.) Throughout his speech, Claudius is telling the court of theShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Soliloquy On Elizabethan Audience954 Words   |  4 Pagesrevenge tragedy play Hamlet, the prevailing themes of revenge, madness, and morality were recognized by the Elizabethan audience and appealed to them. The play s central focus is on a young prince, Hamlet, who has gone through many challenges to avenge his father s death. Prince Hamlet got his revenge on his deceitful uncle, Claudius, the same man who murdered his father and married Hamlet s mother. 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Monday, May 18, 2020

Development of corticosteroids and their formulation for inhaled drug delivery - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1855 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/08/08 Category Sports Essay Level High school Tags: Steroids Essay Did you like this example? Introduction Steroids are biologically active organic compounds with substantial roles and functions in the cell. Chemically, steroids are known with four rings settled in a specific configuration [1]. They are powerful and effective drugs used in the treatment of various medical conditions. There are two principal biological functions of steroids in a human cell. First, they act as important components of cell membranes, which alter membrane fluidity, and second, steroids act as signalling molecules [2]. Hundreds of steroids are found in plants, animals, and fungi. Steroid compounds are manufactured in the cell from the sterols lanosterol or cycloartenol, depending on the type of the species. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Development of corticosteroids and their formulation for inhaled drug delivery" essay for you Create order Cholesterol, estradiol, testosterone, and the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone [3] can be given as popular examples of steroids [4]. Corticosteroids, one of the most common steroid groups, have been used effectively in the treatment of arthritis, asthma, autoimmune diseases, skin disorders, and some types of cancer. Anabolic steroids, a different group of steroids, are rarely used in medicine. These compounds can be abused to improve performance in sports such as competitive athletics and weightlifting. Inflammation is a significant feature of many diseases with apparently unlimited medical applications of steroids. The list includes some skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and skin inflammation, arthritis due to pain, swelling and limited joint mobility. Oral steroids can be prescribed for autoimmune diseases such as lupus, Crohns disease, and multiple sclerosis. Besides, corticosteroids are used in the treatment of many eye diseases and some cancers. They relieve or reduce chemotherapy-related nausea and reduce some allergic reactions, such as those caused by blood transfusions. One of the main ways in which steroids work in the body is to reduce inflammation. This feature is important in conditions such as corticosteroids can be taken as pills or in the form of injections. However, there are other routes of administration as well, including inhaled corticosteroids, steroid creams, and ointments. Besides, the drug can be injected directly into an inflamed joint. Additionally, steroids are effectively used to manage asthma. By reducing inflammation and controlling the bodys immune system, corticosteroids help open the small airways. Steroids can be given with an inhaler as part of routine care to reduce symptoms for asthma and help prevent acute attacks. In an acute attack requiring a hospital visit, steroids are usually administered as intravenous injections. This essay aims to give detailed information on the development of corticosteroids with an emphasis on their formulation for inhaled drug delivery. Historical development of steroids According to the 1920 edition of The Principles and Practice of Medicine [5], the relationship of Addisons disease with the adrenals was not fully understood. However, efforts were given to extract the hormone, and in 1930 a compound could be made ready for clinical trials [6]. Soon, first treatments of Addisons patients with the cortical hormone of the suprarenal gland were reported [7]. Thus it can be said that the first clinical evidence that an extract of animal adrenocortical tissue could be used to treat human adrenal failure, was demonstrated in the 1930s. As chemical analyses of cortical extracts proceeded, it became clear that there is not one cortical hormone, but that they all are steroids [8]. By the year 1940, it was concluded that there are two categories of steroids: those that lead to a retention of sodium (and thus, fluid) and those that relieve shock and inflammation [9] The widespread clinical use of intramuscular cortisone started after 1948 first in rheumatoid arthritis and soon later in other rheumatologic conditions. Only after 1950 it was possible to have oral and intra-articular administrations of cortisone and hydrocortisone. Research continued to produce semi-synthetic cortisone with some success by the year 1952. Six synthetic steroids were introduced for systemic anti-inflammatory therapy during 1954 -1958. By 1960 almost all side-effects of chronic corticosteroid administration were described. Additionally, protocols were developed to withdraw these medications while minimizing symptoms of cortical insufficiency. Dose adjustment and use of lower doses was an agenda of the researchers those days. Companion use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs began in the late 1950s first with phenylbutazone. In the 1970s the introduction of methotrexate and other anti-metabolites further delineated the dosages and indications for corticosteroids in the management of rheumatic diseases.[6] Parallel to the medical use of steroid hormones, soon athletes discovered its use to win games. As a competitive species, the human has tried all kinds of things to be the best. Athletes have used various substances to improve performance since the beginning of civilization. Even before the invention of the steroids, in the 1860s, a group of swimmers in Amsterdam were charged with taking drugs to speed up their races. After discovering the anabolic effects of steroids, probably the first application of this kind was among soldiers. German soldiers received testosterone during World War II to increase their performance and become successful on the battlefield. Anabolic steroids are man-made versions of testosterone, a male sex hormone that helps build bigger muscles. The power of these substances in increasing the performance and boosting the muscle muscles led to widespread abuse. Abusers usually consume use extremely high doses. Some even take 100 times the dose legally prescribed by physicians [10]. In the 1940s testosterone began to be widespread in competitive sports, but the dangers of loading up on testosterone were not known in detail. In the 1952 Olympics, the Russian weightlifting and wrestling teams demonstrated a significant success, which was attributed to synthetic testosterone [11]. Scientists worked to formulate better performance-enhancing drugs after the 1950s. In the early days, there was still not enough awareness on the dangers these substances to users. By 1958, an American pharmaceutical company first developed anabolic steroids. With the widespread access and use, the nasty and hazardous side effects became obvious, but by then most athletes had access to the drugs. From the 1950s into the 1970s, both the tales and facts of performance-enhancing drug use combined to increase actual use. Those athletes, who required bulk and strength to be competitive, like bodybuilders, football players, and shot put throwers, were the first to abuse anabolic-androgenic steroids. During the 1970s, the demand for anabolic-androgenic steroids grew as athletes in speed-dependent sports discovered some of the potential benefits of using anabolic-androgenic steroids. All these practices were named as doping, and were against the sports organizations rules and against the law. In 1964, the International Olympic Committee first published a list of banned drugs and practices for athletes, but they did not ban steroids until 1975. Chemical structures of steroids and how structural changes were developed Steroids are organic compounds with a ring structure (Figure 1). The most important natural steroid compounds are bile acids, male and female sex hormones (Figure 2), and adrenal gland cortex hormones. Most of these hormones are found in the cell in trace ratios, while sterols, a kind of steroid compound, are found to be abundant [12]. Sterols are accompanied by a side chain on the main steroid roof [13]. Cholesterol is the most abundant sterol, free or bound in animal tissues. Plants do not contain sterols, but another sterol phytosterol is abundant. Other important steroids are vitamin D and cardiac glycosides. Issues with side effects that have arisen during the development Side-effects of the corticosteroids were already defined during the early invention phases of these compounds. Today, there are numerous studies describing the risks and side-effects of using steroids whether used locally [14] or systemic [15]. The known side-effects depend on the dose and how long the substance is taken. Side effects have been reported affecting many body systems, including gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, eye, metabolic effects, immune system, pregnancy and fertility, psychological effects, and skin. Short-term use can cause weight gain, puffy face, nausea, mood swings, and trouble sleeping. The skin may get thinner. Acne, unusual hair growth, and spikes in blood sugar and blood pressure are expected. Because corticosteroids turn down the immune system, taking them makes the person prone to infections. Taking high doses of corticosteroids for a long time can cause serious side effects. Using them for more than 3 months can cause brittle bones and osteoporosis. Kids who take them for a long time might grow more slowly. Anabolic steroids have similar side effects. These steroids can cause bad acne and fluid retention. Long-term use can stop the body from making testosterone. In men, this causes smaller testicles, lower sperm counts, infertility, and breast growth. Women may have male-pattern baldness, facial hair growth, periods that change or stop, and a deeper voice. Teens that use them might stunt their bone growth and height. High doses can lead to extreme mood swings, anger, as well as aggression. Long-term anabolic use can damage the liver, kidneys, and heart. Severe fluid retention can cause heart swelling and heart failure. These drugs can also raise LDL cholesterol, which can make the person more likely to have heart attacks and strokes [16]. Aspects of formulation for inhaled drug delivery New and easier ways of drug deliveries are invented every day. This is a fact also for steroids. Inhaled steroids are popular especially for the management of conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). Inhaled formulations have many advantages including faster effectiveness, fewer side effects, ease of use, tolerability, and lower costs. Inhaled steroids are the mainstay treatment for controlling asthma. The use of inhaled steroids leads to better asthma control, fewer symptoms and flare-ups, and reduced need for hospitalization. Inhaled steroids come in three forms: the hydrofluoroalkane inhaler or HFA (formerly called a metered dose inhaler or MDI), dry powder inhaler (DPI), and nebulizer solutions. With aerosol devices, the typical inspiratory flow rate is around 30 litres per minute, which is a slow and steady breath in for around 4 seconds. The older pMDIs have a low deposition even with an ideal technique, of around 12% [17], although the newer devices have a softer plume and better valve technology, and some have smaller particle size increasing deposition. The Respimat device, although an aerosol inhaler, has a soft mist which increases deposition in the lung. The DPIs are dry powders and require less coordination. They do, however, require an adequate inhalation as it is an inspiratory flow that releases the medication from the carrier agent. The DPIs require a quick and deep inhalation, which may be problematic in patients with little inspiratory effort, for example, those with severely compromised lung function [18]. Inhalers contain different medicationsbronchodilators or corticosteroids, either singularly or combined. These medications have different durations of onset and action and an inhaled corticosteroid, for example, will not give a noticeable effect. If the person does not get instant relief from the inhaler, then they may take more doses, or conclude that their inhaler doesnt work [19]. Inhaled steroids have few side effects, especially at lower doses. Thrush and hoarseness (rare) may occur. Rinsing the mouth, gargling after using the inhalers, and using a spacer device with metered dose inhalers can help prevent these side effects. Thrush is easily treated with a prescription of antifungal lozenge or rinse. As a side note, it should be mentioned that many parents have concerns in giving their children steroids. The public should be informed that inhaled steroids are not the same as anabolic steroids that some athletes take to build muscle or increase performance. These steroids are anti-inflammatory drugs, which constitute the cornerstone of asthma therapy.

Monday, May 11, 2020

Biography of Annie Prolux - 993 Words

Annie Prolux is an author of eight books. She was born in Norwich, Connecticut on August 22, 1935. She is the oldest of fives sisters. She graduated high school in Portland, Maine and attended Colby College. She then attended the University of Vermont and received her bachelor’s degree in History. In 1973 she attended Sir George Williams University of Montreal, where she graduated with a master’s degree in History. In 1983 and 1987 Proulx landed two stories in The Best American Short Stories. She published her first fictional book called Heart Songs and Other Stories, in 1988, followed by a novel, Postcards, in 1992. She won a Pulitzer Prize and a National Book Award for the comic novel, The Shipping News. In 1998 Proulx won two O. Henry prize stories for Brokeback Mountain and The Mud Below. Brokeback Mountain later became an academy award winning film. In Prolux’s short story 55 Miles to the Gas Pump, a drunken rancher named Mr. Croom hides a secret from his wife. He gets drunk and falls off a cliff. After his death Mrs. Croom’s curiosity sets in. She cuts a hole in the roof and reveals twelve dead women. Some of the women she recognized from missing posters. The women were badly beaten, some covered in paint, and one covered in newspapers. Mr. Croom had the attic locked for twelve years. Proulx uses the plot to keep the reader interested by giving descriptions of the bodies. She starts the story off with Mr. Croom death. It keeps the reader interested to find out what

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal Statement Becoming A Doctor - 999 Words

As a typical first born child, I have parents who expected me to be a doctor one day. When we talked about colleges, they were always medical schools. When I asked my father what jobs to look into, he suggested pharmacist or surgeon. I never expected to become an engineer until my first week of junior year when I took my first calculus and physics classes. My teachers heralded engineering as the top profession of the day, and all my friends were planning on making them proud with their future careers as civil or mechanical engineers. When I told them my plans of becoming a physical therapist, they scoffed at me. Both my physics and calculus teachers told me, â€Å"You are wasting your potential if that is your goal in life!† Although I knew they were exaggerating, their passion on the subject is what originally drove me to look into engineering. However, I was still passionate about helping people with health issues. I wanted to save lives in my career, and I was not sure if e ngineering would be a direct enough impact for me to find happiness in it. That was when I decided to search â€Å"medical engineering† on YouTube, and I was not disappointed. I found a video about Michelle Khine, who became my engineering hero. Michelle Khine quickly revealed herself to be everything I want to be. The video highlighted her life, showing off her three jobs as professor at a university, leader of a research lab, and co-founder of a nano technologies company called Fluxion Bioscience Inc.. She isShow MoreRelatedPersonal Reflection Statement800 Words   |  4 PagesPersonal Reflection Statement The medical field attracts a wide variety of individuals from all walks of life. The reasons for their shared choice, to pursue a career as a practitioner of medicine, are similarly different. Several of my classmates and friends can point to specific events that helped them make their choice, moments of inspiration when they consciously decided to become physicians. I had no such epiphany, but my choice to study at DMU was influenced by two main factors. AdditionallyRead MoreThe Doctor, Starring William Hurt And Elizabeth Perkins1368 Words   |  6 Pagespatients are faced with what the New York Times (2005) calls the â€Å"bane of the medical profession: the difficult doctor.† These physicians patronize their patients and speak to them condescendingly during their time of tribulation, and it has deep and intense repercussions for them. Not only is this incredibly unprofessional but it is not something a patient wants to hear when disclosing personal, intimate details o f their life. Patient care and consideration does not stop when the surgery or procedureRead MoreEssay about Forms of Healing in Ancient Times1518 Words   |  7 Pagesrelationships between doctors and patients have evolved, along with the way medicine is defined and practiced. Specifically I would like to focus on forms of payment and their effect on the doctor-patient relationship and how payment and the practice of medicine have changed over time. These changes led to a healer-patient relationship that was not as personal as it was in the time of Galen. Instead of the healer playing the role of a friend helping his neighbor, we find that being a doctor became a formRead MoreHospice And Palliative Care Organization1541 Words   |  7 PagesEnd of life care is something that is becoming extremely prevalent today. This end of life care is referred to as Hospice. Here, patients who are terminally ill may be placed in Hospice care, where they will be under constant supervision and will be cared for. 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Essay973 Words   |  4 Pages(COPRA) in April 1993, the number of malpractice suits filed against doctors has begun to soar. For example, in Kerala, approximately 1800 cases (15% of the total number of cases) have been filed. As Dr. Dipak Banerjee of the Indian Medical Association puts it: Its degenerating into a kind of witch-hunt. For years the community of doctors across India was immune to charges of malpractice, but the tide has begun to turn. Doctors are now having to dish out larger sums of money in order to insureRead MoreHave Uk Prime Ministers Become More Presidential in Recent Years?1019 Words   |  5 Pagesthe UK’s Prime Minister is still a Prime Minister. In recent years there has been an increase in the growth of spatial leadership. The tendency of Prime Ministers to distance themselves from their party and government has increased, developing a personal ideological stance. Prime Ministers such as Blair and Thatcher are key examples. 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Twilight 18. THE HUNT Free Essays

string(46) " eyes never left me, his nostrils still wide\." 18. THE HUNT They emerged one by one from the forest edge, ranging a dozen meters apart. The first male into the clearing fell back immediately, allowing the other male to take the front, orienting himself around the tall, dark-haired man in a manner that clearly displayed who led the pack. We will write a custom essay sample on Twilight 18. THE HUNT or any similar topic only for you Order Now The third was a woman; from this distance, all I could see of her was that her hair was a startling shade of red. They closed ranks before they continued cautiously toward Edward’s family, exhibiting the natural respect of a troop of predators as it encounters a larger, unfamiliar group of its own kind. As they approached, I could see how different they were from the Cullens. Their walk was catlike, a gait that seemed constantly on the edge of shifting into a crouch. They dressed in the ordinary gear of backpackers: jeans and casual button-down shirts in heavy, weatherproof fabrics. The clothes were frayed, though, with wear, and they were barefoot. Both men had cropped hair, but the woman’s brilliant orange hair was filled with leaves and debris from the woods. Their sharp eyes carefully took in the more polished, urbane stance of Carlisle, who, flanked by Emmett and Jasper, stepped guardedly forward to meet them. Without any seeming communication between them, they each straightened into a more casual, erect bearing. The man in front was easily the most beautiful, his skin olive-toned beneath the typical pallor, his hair a glossy black. He was of a medium build, hard-muscled, of course, but nothing next to Emmett’s brawn. He smiled an easy smile, exposing a flash of gleaming white teeth. The woman was wilder, her eyes shifting restlessly between the men facing her, and the loose grouping around me, her chaotic hair quivering in the slight breeze. Her posture was distinctly feline. The second male hovered unobtrusively behind them, slighter than the leader, his light brown hair and regular features both nondescript. His eyes, though completely still, somehow seemed the most vigilant. Their eyes were different, too. Not the gold or black I had come to expect, but a deep burgundy color that was disturbing and sinister. The dark-haired man, still smiling, stepped toward Carlisle. â€Å"We thought we heard a game,† he said in a relaxed voice with the slightest of French accents. â€Å"I’m Laurent, these are Victoria and James.† He gestured to the vampires beside him. â€Å"I’m Carlisle. This is my family, Emmett and Jasper, Rosalie, Esme and Alice, Edward and Bella.† He pointed us out in groups, deliberately not calling attention to individuals. I felt a shock when he said my name. â€Å"Do you have room for a few more players?† Laurent asked sociably. Carlisle matched Laurent’s friendly tone. â€Å"Actually, we were just finishing up. But we’d certainly be interested another time. Are you planning to stay in the area for long?† â€Å"We’re headed north, in fact, but we were curious to see who was in the neighborhood. We haven’t run into any company in a long time.† â€Å"No, this region is usually empty except for us and the occasional visitor, like yourselves.† The tense atmosphere had slowly subsided into a casual conversation; I guessed that Jasper was using his peculiar gift to control the situation. â€Å"What’s your hunting range?† Laurent casually inquired. Carlisle ignored the assumption behind the inquiry. â€Å"The Olympic Range here, up and down the Coast Ranges on occasion. We keep a permanent residence nearby. There’s another permanent settlement like ours up near Denali.† Laurent rocked back on his heels slightly. â€Å"Permanent? How do you manage that?† There was honest curiosity in his voice. â€Å"Why don’t you come back to our home with us and we can talk comfortably?† Carlisle invited. â€Å"It’s a rather long story.† James and Victoria exchanged a surprised look at the mention of the word â€Å"home,† but Laurent controlled his expression better. â€Å"That sounds very interesting, and welcome.† His smile was genial. â€Å"We’ve been on the hunt all the way down from Ontario, and we haven’t had the chance to clean up in a while.† His eyes moved appreciatively over Carlisle’s refined appearance. â€Å"Please don’t take offense, but we’d appreciate it if you’d refrain from hunting in this immediate area. We have to stay inconspicuous, you understand,† Carlisle explained. â€Å"Of course.† Laurent nodded. â€Å"We certainly won’t encroach on your territory. We just ate outside of Seattle, anyway,† he laughed. A shiver ran up my spine. â€Å"We’ll show you the way if you’d like to run with us – Emmett and Alice, you can go with Edward and Bella to get the Jeep,† he casually added. Three things seemed to happen simultaneously while Carlisle was speaking. My hair ruffled with the light breeze, Edward stiffened, and the second male, James, suddenly whipped his head around, scrutinizing me, his nostrils flaring. A swift rigidity fell on all of them as James lurched one step forward into a crouch. Edward bared his teeth, crouching in defense, a feral snarl ripping from his throat. It was nothing like the playful sounds I’d heard from him this morning; it was the single most menacing thing I had ever heard, and chills ran from the crown of my head to the back of my heels. â€Å"What’s this?† Laurent exclaimed in open surprise. Neither James nor Edward relaxed their aggressive poses. James feinted slightly to the side, and Edward shifted in response. â€Å"She’s with us.† Carlisle’s firm rebuff was directed toward James. Laurent seemed to catch my scent less powerfully than James, but awareness now dawned on his face. â€Å"You brought a snack?† he asked, his expression incredulous as he took an involuntary step forward. Edward snarled even more ferociously, harshly, his lip curling high above his glistening, bared teeth. Laurent stepped back again. â€Å"I said she’s with us,† Carlisle corrected in a hard voice. â€Å"But she’s human,† Laurent protested. The words were not at all aggressive, merely astounded. â€Å"Yes.† Emmett was very much in evidence at Carlisle’s side, his eyes on James. James slowly straightened out of his crouch, but his eyes never left me, his nostrils still wide. You read "Twilight 18. THE HUNT" in category "Essay examples" Edward stayed tensed like a lion in front of me. When Laurent spoke, his tone was soothing – trying to defuse the sudden hostility. â€Å"It appears we have a lot to learn about each other.† â€Å"Indeed.† Carlisle’s voice was still cool. â€Å"But we’d like to accept your invitation.† His eyes flicked toward me and back to Carlisle. â€Å"And, of course, we will not harm the human girl. We won’t hunt in your range, as I said.† James glanced in disbelief and aggravation at Laurent and exchanged another brief look with Victoria, whose eyes still flickered edgily from face to face. Carlisle measured Laurent’s open expression for a moment before he spoke. â€Å"We’ll show you the way. Jasper, Rosalie, Esme?† he called. They gathered together, blocking me from view as they converged. Alice was instantly at my side, and Emmett fell back slowly, his eyes locked on James as he backed toward us. â€Å"Let’s go, Bella.† Edward’s voice was low and bleak. This whole time I’d been rooted in place, terrified into absolute immobility. Edward had to grip my elbow and pull sharply to break my trance. Alice and Emmett were close behind us, hiding me. I stumbled alongside Edward, still stunned with fear. I couldn’t hear if the main group had left yet. Edward’s impatience was almost tangible as we moved at human speed to the forest edge. Once we were into the trees, Edward slung me over his back without breaking stride. I gripped as tightly as possible as he took off, the others close on his heels. I kept my head down, but my eyes, wide with fright, wouldn’t close. They plunged through the now-black forest like wraiths. The sense of exhilaration that usually seemed to possess Edward as he ran was completely absent, replaced by a fury that consumed him and drove him still faster. Even with me on his back, the others trailed behind. We reached the Jeep in an impossibly short time, and Edward barely slowed as he flung me in the backseat. â€Å"Strap her in,† he ordered Emmett, who slid in beside me. Alice was already in the front seat, and Edward was starting the engine. It roared to life and we swerved backward, spinning around to face the winding road. Edward was growling something too fast for me to understand, but it sounded a lot like a string of profanities. The jolting trip was much worse this time, and the darkness only made it more frightening. Emmett and Alice both glared out the side windows. We hit the main road, and though our speed increased, I could see much better where we were going. And we were headed south, away from Forks. â€Å"Where are we going?† I asked. No one answered. No one even looked at me. â€Å"Dammit, Edward! Where are you taking me?† â€Å"We have to get you away from here – far away – now.† He didn’t look back, his eyes on the road. The speedometer read a hundred and five miles an hour. â€Å"Turn around! You have to take me home!† I shouted. I struggled with the stupid harness, tearing at the straps. â€Å"Emmett,† Edward said grimly. And Emmett secured my hands in his steely grasp. â€Å"No! Edward! No, you can’t do this.† â€Å"I have to, Bella, now please be quiet.† â€Å"I won’t! You have to take me back – Charlie will call the FBI! They’ll be all over your family – Carlisle and Esme! They’ll have to leave, to hide forever!† â€Å"Calm down, Bella.† His voice was cold. â€Å"We’ve been there before.† â€Å"Not over me, you don’t! You’re not ruining everything over me!† I struggled violently, with total futility. Alice spoke for the first time. â€Å"Edward, pull over.† He flashed her a hard look, and then sped up. â€Å"Edward, let’s just talk this through.† â€Å"You don’t understand,† he roared in frustration. I’d never heard his voice so loud; it was deafening in the confines of the Jeep. The speedometer neared one hundred and fifteen. â€Å"He’s a tracker, Alice, did you see that? He’s a tracker!† I felt Emmett stiffen next to me, and I wondered at his reaction to the word. It meant something more to the three of them than it did to me; I wanted to understand, but there was no opening for me to ask. â€Å"Pull over, Edward.† Alice’s tone was reasonable, but there was a ring of authority in it I’d never heard before. The speedometer inched passed one-twenty. â€Å"Do it, Edward.† â€Å"Listen to me, Alice. I saw his mind. Tracking is his passion, his obsession – and he wants her, Alice – her, specifically. He begins the hunt tonight.† â€Å"He doesn’t know where -â€Å" He interrupted her. â€Å"How long do you think it will take him to cross her scent in town? His plan was already set before the words were out of Laurent’s mouth.† I gasped, knowing where my scent would lead. â€Å"Charlie! You can’t leave him there! You can’t leave him!† I thrashed against the harness. â€Å"She’s right,† Alice said. The car slowed slightly. â€Å"Let’s just look at our options for a minute,† Alice coaxed. The car slowed again, more noticeably, and then suddenly we screeched to a stop on the shoulder of the highway. I flew against the harness, and then slammed back into the seat. â€Å"There are no options,† Edward hissed. â€Å"I’m not leaving Charlie!† I yelled. He ignored me completely. â€Å"We have to take her back,† Emmett finally spoke. â€Å"No.† Edward was absolute. â€Å"He’s no match for us, Edward. He won’t be able to touch her.† â€Å"He’ll wait.† Emmett smiled. â€Å"I can wait, too.† â€Å"You didn’t see – you don’t understand. Once he commits to a hunt, he’s unshakable. We’d have to kill him.† Emmett didn’t seem upset by the idea. â€Å"That’s an option.† â€Å"And the female. She’s with him. If it turns into a fight, the leader will go with them, too.† â€Å"There are enough of us.† â€Å"There’s another option,† Alice said quietly. Edward turned on her in fury, his voice a blistering snarl. â€Å"There – is – no – other – option!† Emmett and I both stared at him in shock, but Alice seemed unsurprised. The silence lasted for a long minute as Edward and Alice stared each other down. I broke it. â€Å"Does anyone want to hear my plan?† â€Å"No,† Edward growled. Alice glared at him, finally provoked. â€Å"Listen,† I pleaded. â€Å"You take me back.† â€Å"No,† he interrupted. I glared at him and continued. â€Å"You take me back. I tell my dad I want to go home to Phoenix. I pack my bags. We wait till this tracker is watching, and then we run. He’ll follow us and leave Charlie alone. Charlie won’t call the FBI on your family. Then you can take me any damned place you want.† They stared at me, stunned. â€Å"It’s not a bad idea, really.† Emmett’s surprise was definitely an insult. â€Å"It might work – and we simply can’t leave her father unprotected. You know that,† Alice said. Everyone looked at Edward. â€Å"It’s too dangerous – I don’t want him within a hundred miles of her.† Emmett was supremely confident. â€Å"Edward, he’s not getting through us.† Alice thought for a minute. â€Å"I don’t see him attacking. He’ll try to wait for us to leave her alone.† â€Å"It won’t take long for him to realize that’s not going to happen.† â€Å"I demand that you take me home.† I tried to sound firm. Edward pressed his fingers to his temples and squeezed his eyes shut. â€Å"Please,† I said in a much smaller voice. He didn’t look up. When he spoke, his voice sounded worn. â€Å"You’re leaving tonight, whether the tracker sees or not. You tell Charlie that you can’t stand another minute in Forks. Tell him whatever story works. Pack the first things your hands touch, and then get in your truck. I don’t care what he says to you. You have fifteen minutes. Do you hear me? Fifteen minutes from the time you cross the doorstep.† The Jeep rumbled to life, and he spun us around, the tires squealing. The needle on the speedometer started to race up the dial. â€Å"Emmett?† I asked, looking pointedly at my hands. â€Å"Oh, sorry.† He let me loose. A few minutes passed in silence, other than the roar of the engine. Then Edward spoke again. â€Å"This is how it’s going to happen. When we get to the house, if the tracker is not there, I will walk her to the door. Then she has fifteen minutes.† He glared at me in the rearview mirror. â€Å"Emmett, you take the outside of the house. Alice, you get the truck. I’ll be inside as long as she is. After she’s out, you two can take the Jeep home and tell Carlisle.† â€Å"No way,† Emmett broke in. â€Å"I’m with you.† â€Å"Think it through, Emmett. I don’t know how long I’ll be gone.† â€Å"Until we know how far this is going to go, I’m with you.† Edward sighed. â€Å"If the tracker is there,† he continued grimly, â€Å"we keep driving.† â€Å"We’re going to make it there before him,† Alice said confidently. Edward seemed to accept that. Whatever his problem with Alice was, he didn’t doubt her now. â€Å"What are we going to do with the Jeep?† she asked. His voice had a hard edge. â€Å"You’re driving it home.† â€Å"No, I’m not,† she said calmly. The unintelligible stream of profanities started again. â€Å"We can’t all fit in my truck,† I whispered. Edward didn’t appear to hear me. â€Å"I think you should let me go alone,† I said even more quietly. He heard that. â€Å"Bella, please just do this my way, just this once,† he said between clenched teeth. â€Å"Listen, Charlie’s not an imbecile,† I protested. â€Å"If you’re not in town tomorrow, he’s going to get suspicious.† â€Å"That’s irrelevant. We’ll make sure he’s safe, and that’s all that matters.† â€Å"Then what about this tracker? He saw the way you acted tonight. He’s going to think you’re with me, wherever you are.† Emmett looked at me, insultingly surprised again. â€Å"Edward, listen to her,† he urged. â€Å"I think she’s right.† â€Å"Yes, she is,† Alice agreed. â€Å"I can’t do that.† Edward’s voice was icy. â€Å"Emmett should stay, too,† I continued. â€Å"He definitely got an eyeful of Emmett.† â€Å"What?† Emmett turned on me. â€Å"You’ll get a better crack at him if you stay,† Alice agreed. Edward stared at her incredulously. â€Å"You think I should let her go alone?† â€Å"Of course not,† Alice said. â€Å"Jasper and I will take her.† â€Å"I can’t do that,† Edward repeated, but this time there was a trace of defeat in his voice. The logic was working on him. I tried to be persuasive. â€Å"Hang out here for a week -† I saw his expression in the mirror and amended â€Å"- a few days. Let Charlie see you haven’t kidnapped me, and lead this James on a wild-goose chase. Make sure he’s completely off my trail. Then come and meet me. Take a roundabout route, of course, and then Jasper and Alice can go home.† I could see him beginning to consider it. â€Å"Meet you where?† â€Å"Phoenix.† Of course. â€Å"No. He’ll hear that’s where you’re going,† he said impatiently. â€Å"And you’ll make it look like that’s a ruse, obviously. He’ll know that we’ll know that he’s listening. He’ll never believe I’m actually going where I say I am going.† â€Å"She’s diabolical,† Emmett chuckled. â€Å"And if that doesn’t work?† â€Å"There are several million people in Phoenix,† I informed him. â€Å"It’s not that hard to find a phone book.† â€Å"I won’t go home.† â€Å"Oh?† he inquired, a dangerous note in his voice. â€Å"I’m quite old enough to get my own place.† â€Å"Edward, we’ll be with her,† Alice reminded him. â€Å"What are you going to do in Phoenix?† he asked her scathingly. â€Å"Stay indoors.† â€Å"I kind of like it.† Emmett was thinking about cornering James, no doubt. â€Å"Shut up, Emmett.† â€Å"Look, if we try to take him down while she’s still around, there’s a much better chance that someone will get hurt – she’ll get hurt, or you will, trying to protect her. Now, if we get him alone†¦Ã¢â‚¬  He trailed off with a slow smile. I was right. The Jeep was crawling slowly along now as we drove into town. Despite my brave talk, I could feel the hairs on my arms standing up. I thought about Charlie, alone in the house, and tried to be courageous. â€Å"Bella.† Edward’s voice was very soft. Alice and Emmett looked out their windows. â€Å"If you let anything happen to yourself- anything at all – I’m holding you personally responsible. Do you understand that?† â€Å"Yes,† I gulped. He turned to Alice. â€Å"Can Jasper handle this?† â€Å"Give him some credit, Edward. He’s been doing very, very well, all things considered.† â€Å"Can you handle this?† he asked. And graceful little Alice pulled back her lips in a horrific grimace and let loose with a guttural snarl that had me cowering against the seat in terror. Edward smiled at her. â€Å"But keep your opinions to yourself,† he muttered suddenly. How to cite Twilight 18. THE HUNT, Essay examples