Saturday, May 23, 2020

Hamlet Questions and answers Essay - 2075 Words

Hamlet ACT 1, Scene 1 and 2 Questions 1.1 1. What happens when Francisco and Bernardo meet at the beginning of 1.1? Where are we, and when? Why is there confusion over which one is supposed to challenge the other by asking Whos there? Why is Horatio with Bernardo and Marcellus? Who is he? They saw something strange, we are at Denmark. He is asking â€Å"who’s there?† It is because he’s not sure what is there by judging the shadow he saw and it is at night causing the visibility becomes very low as well. Horatio was with Bernardo and Marcellus because they have both seen the ghost of King Hamlet, and Horatio has come to help them determine the origin of the ghost. 2. What is Horatios initial response to the story of†¦show more content†¦Marcellus believes that the ghost left because they had angered it when they attempted to force the ghost to speak using violence, but Horatio notes that it was the roster crowing that stopped the ghost from speaking and then leaving. 5. What is the purpose of the two discussions of the crowing of the cock, Horatios pagan one and Marcellus Christian one (1.1.130 - 164)? Horatio tells the others that the rosters crowing awaken a god of daylight and any ghosts who are wandering on the earth are forced to hide until night comes. On the other had Marcellus states that daytime is similar to Christs Resurrection, and that no evil thing can roam the Earth during the sacred and hallowed time. These two different discussions regarding the rooster crowing are symbolic of the overall confusion and determination of the ghost purpose there. Prince Hamlet later questions if the ghost is something of evil origins there to tempt him into committing sins, or if the ghost is merely trying to help and warn him, and is a victim of the the daylight gods reign. 1.2 1. What is the threat from young Fortinbras? (ll. 17-41)? How is Claudius responding to the threat? (You may also want to keep in mind that the name Claudius appears only in the opening stage direction for 1.2. The name is never spoken in the play. He is simply the King.) Throughout his speech, Claudius is telling the court of theShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Soliloquy On Elizabethan Audience954 Words   |  4 Pagesrevenge tragedy play Hamlet, the prevailing themes of revenge, madness, and morality were recognized by the Elizabethan audience and appealed to them. The play s central focus is on a young prince, Hamlet, who has gone through many challenges to avenge his father s death. Prince Hamlet got his revenge on his deceitful uncle, Claudius, the same man who murdered his father and married Hamlet s mother. From the original text of the play, a major scene in Act 4 shows where Hamlet decides that it sRead MoreLiterature Is the Question Minus the Answer Essays613 Words   |  3 PagesCritic Roland Barthes has said, â€Å"Literature is the question minus the answer.† Choose a novel or play and, or considering Barthes’ observation, write an essay in which you analyze a central question the work raises and the extent to which it offer s any answers. Explain how the author’s treatment of this question affects your understanding of the work as a whole. Literature, as any other kind of art, is abstract and gives the readers the possibility of applying different meanings and thereforeRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1146 Words   |  5 PagesTragedy of Hamlet, all of the characters face uncertainty at some point in the story. The character of Hamlet is, for lack of a better term, a laggard; he procrastinates like no other, making him an uncertain character in his entirety. His most famous line is â€Å"To be, or not to be? That is the question.† The entire scene is about Hamlet’s uncertainty about suicide and death. The ghost is masked in uncertainty. Who is it? Is it real? Why is it around? Ophelia is constantly uncertain of Hamlet and hisRead MoreHamlet1304 Words   |  6 Pagesunderlying themes of revenge, incest, and suicide, William Shakespeare’s Hamlet was remembered by many Elizabethan Era viewers as both a philosophical and oft-debated masterpiece (Dickson). These controversial them es attracted viewers everywhere, enticing them to see the play. One scene in particular from the original text of the play where this proves true is act IV, scene iv, lines 31-65, in which the titular character Hamlet decides that the time for revenge is at hand in an insightful soliloquyRead MoreHamlets Understanding Of Death And The Afterlife1143 Words   |  5 Pagesconscience. Deep down, Hamlet doesn t believe in a true â€Å"afterlife†. After seeing the sins of man, he has a hard time believing that we deserve such a fate and seems to almost hope that all that awaits is peaceful nothingness. However, certain situations cause Hamlet to shift his views as a way to console his conscience and help him to avoid facing his own problems. Hamlets complex conscience can be dissected through the shifting views on the afterlife. Before we can understand what Hamlet s conscienceRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet Essay1162 Words   |  5 Pages â€Å"To be or not to be† (3.1.64)—not whether to live or to die, but the use of â€Å"to be† is an important question. Shakespeare uses the simple infinitive of â€Å"to be†, in the opening of the most famous soliloquy in Hamlet, or perhaps all of Shakespeare, as opposed to the more complex phrase, â€Å"to live or to die†. Before Hamlet, the speaker of this soliloquy, analyzes all of mankind’s reasoning behind the subject of life, something both painful and long, and death, something both inevitable and muddiedRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 978 Words   |  4 PagesWhen it comes to the play Hamlet, there is a thrill seeking question to be asked; Is the plot of the play driven by revenge or corruption? The answer is debatably corruption; When one reflects back to what happens right before the play begins, when Claudius kills his brother, an individual would most likely lean more towards corruption driving the plot and, therefore, being the answer to the previous question. However, since the details of the incident are not completely revealed and there beingRead MoreThe Tale Hamlet by William Shakespeare Essay1413 Words   |  6 PagesShakespeare’s tragedy, Hamlet, is a tale that has withstood the test of time because of the relevance to modern day and the near flawless delivery of the story’s themes. Though many sections and passages can capture the spirit of Shakespeare’s tales, none does so better than the famous soliloquy Hamlet spoke to Ophelia. In the opening lines, Hamlet says: To be, or not to be: that is the question: Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortuneRead MoreHamlet, By William Shakespeare1691 Words   |  7 Pagescertain that one will arrive to a destination unharmed? Can anyone’s safety be guaranteed? This same problem can be seen in the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare. Hamlet’s whole life is based on uncertain ideas and in the end it collapses on him, as if he built a house on shifting sands. If there was no uncertainty in Hamlet, There would be no story line. As soon as Hamlet was told to kill Claudius, he would have killed him and avenged the murder, but because of the uncertainty he has to find out forRead MoreHamlets Antic Disposition835 Words   |  4 Pages Hamlets Antic Disposition nbsp; nbsp; nbsp; nbsp; [See Hamlet, II.ii.159-185 in which Polonius proposes to use his daughter Ophelia as a bait for Hamlet, while Polonius and Claudius conceal themselves behind an arras; at which point Hamlet enters unexpectedly and is spoken to by Polonius] nbsp; nbsp; Everything that Hamlet here says is capable of an equivocal interpretation reflecting upon Polonius and Ophelia. Fishmonger, as many commentators have noted, means

Monday, May 18, 2020

Development of corticosteroids and their formulation for inhaled drug delivery - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1855 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/08/08 Category Sports Essay Level High school Tags: Steroids Essay Did you like this example? Introduction Steroids are biologically active organic compounds with substantial roles and functions in the cell. Chemically, steroids are known with four rings settled in a specific configuration [1]. They are powerful and effective drugs used in the treatment of various medical conditions. There are two principal biological functions of steroids in a human cell. First, they act as important components of cell membranes, which alter membrane fluidity, and second, steroids act as signalling molecules [2]. Hundreds of steroids are found in plants, animals, and fungi. Steroid compounds are manufactured in the cell from the sterols lanosterol or cycloartenol, depending on the type of the species. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Development of corticosteroids and their formulation for inhaled drug delivery" essay for you Create order Cholesterol, estradiol, testosterone, and the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone [3] can be given as popular examples of steroids [4]. Corticosteroids, one of the most common steroid groups, have been used effectively in the treatment of arthritis, asthma, autoimmune diseases, skin disorders, and some types of cancer. Anabolic steroids, a different group of steroids, are rarely used in medicine. These compounds can be abused to improve performance in sports such as competitive athletics and weightlifting. Inflammation is a significant feature of many diseases with apparently unlimited medical applications of steroids. The list includes some skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and skin inflammation, arthritis due to pain, swelling and limited joint mobility. Oral steroids can be prescribed for autoimmune diseases such as lupus, Crohns disease, and multiple sclerosis. Besides, corticosteroids are used in the treatment of many eye diseases and some cancers. They relieve or reduce chemotherapy-related nausea and reduce some allergic reactions, such as those caused by blood transfusions. One of the main ways in which steroids work in the body is to reduce inflammation. This feature is important in conditions such as corticosteroids can be taken as pills or in the form of injections. However, there are other routes of administration as well, including inhaled corticosteroids, steroid creams, and ointments. Besides, the drug can be injected directly into an inflamed joint. Additionally, steroids are effectively used to manage asthma. By reducing inflammation and controlling the bodys immune system, corticosteroids help open the small airways. Steroids can be given with an inhaler as part of routine care to reduce symptoms for asthma and help prevent acute attacks. In an acute attack requiring a hospital visit, steroids are usually administered as intravenous injections. This essay aims to give detailed information on the development of corticosteroids with an emphasis on their formulation for inhaled drug delivery. Historical development of steroids According to the 1920 edition of The Principles and Practice of Medicine [5], the relationship of Addisons disease with the adrenals was not fully understood. However, efforts were given to extract the hormone, and in 1930 a compound could be made ready for clinical trials [6]. Soon, first treatments of Addisons patients with the cortical hormone of the suprarenal gland were reported [7]. Thus it can be said that the first clinical evidence that an extract of animal adrenocortical tissue could be used to treat human adrenal failure, was demonstrated in the 1930s. As chemical analyses of cortical extracts proceeded, it became clear that there is not one cortical hormone, but that they all are steroids [8]. By the year 1940, it was concluded that there are two categories of steroids: those that lead to a retention of sodium (and thus, fluid) and those that relieve shock and inflammation [9] The widespread clinical use of intramuscular cortisone started after 1948 first in rheumatoid arthritis and soon later in other rheumatologic conditions. Only after 1950 it was possible to have oral and intra-articular administrations of cortisone and hydrocortisone. Research continued to produce semi-synthetic cortisone with some success by the year 1952. Six synthetic steroids were introduced for systemic anti-inflammatory therapy during 1954 -1958. By 1960 almost all side-effects of chronic corticosteroid administration were described. Additionally, protocols were developed to withdraw these medications while minimizing symptoms of cortical insufficiency. Dose adjustment and use of lower doses was an agenda of the researchers those days. Companion use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs began in the late 1950s first with phenylbutazone. In the 1970s the introduction of methotrexate and other anti-metabolites further delineated the dosages and indications for corticosteroids in the management of rheumatic diseases.[6] Parallel to the medical use of steroid hormones, soon athletes discovered its use to win games. As a competitive species, the human has tried all kinds of things to be the best. Athletes have used various substances to improve performance since the beginning of civilization. Even before the invention of the steroids, in the 1860s, a group of swimmers in Amsterdam were charged with taking drugs to speed up their races. After discovering the anabolic effects of steroids, probably the first application of this kind was among soldiers. German soldiers received testosterone during World War II to increase their performance and become successful on the battlefield. Anabolic steroids are man-made versions of testosterone, a male sex hormone that helps build bigger muscles. The power of these substances in increasing the performance and boosting the muscle muscles led to widespread abuse. Abusers usually consume use extremely high doses. Some even take 100 times the dose legally prescribed by physicians [10]. In the 1940s testosterone began to be widespread in competitive sports, but the dangers of loading up on testosterone were not known in detail. In the 1952 Olympics, the Russian weightlifting and wrestling teams demonstrated a significant success, which was attributed to synthetic testosterone [11]. Scientists worked to formulate better performance-enhancing drugs after the 1950s. In the early days, there was still not enough awareness on the dangers these substances to users. By 1958, an American pharmaceutical company first developed anabolic steroids. With the widespread access and use, the nasty and hazardous side effects became obvious, but by then most athletes had access to the drugs. From the 1950s into the 1970s, both the tales and facts of performance-enhancing drug use combined to increase actual use. Those athletes, who required bulk and strength to be competitive, like bodybuilders, football players, and shot put throwers, were the first to abuse anabolic-androgenic steroids. During the 1970s, the demand for anabolic-androgenic steroids grew as athletes in speed-dependent sports discovered some of the potential benefits of using anabolic-androgenic steroids. All these practices were named as doping, and were against the sports organizations rules and against the law. In 1964, the International Olympic Committee first published a list of banned drugs and practices for athletes, but they did not ban steroids until 1975. Chemical structures of steroids and how structural changes were developed Steroids are organic compounds with a ring structure (Figure 1). The most important natural steroid compounds are bile acids, male and female sex hormones (Figure 2), and adrenal gland cortex hormones. Most of these hormones are found in the cell in trace ratios, while sterols, a kind of steroid compound, are found to be abundant [12]. Sterols are accompanied by a side chain on the main steroid roof [13]. Cholesterol is the most abundant sterol, free or bound in animal tissues. Plants do not contain sterols, but another sterol phytosterol is abundant. Other important steroids are vitamin D and cardiac glycosides. Issues with side effects that have arisen during the development Side-effects of the corticosteroids were already defined during the early invention phases of these compounds. Today, there are numerous studies describing the risks and side-effects of using steroids whether used locally [14] or systemic [15]. The known side-effects depend on the dose and how long the substance is taken. Side effects have been reported affecting many body systems, including gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, eye, metabolic effects, immune system, pregnancy and fertility, psychological effects, and skin. Short-term use can cause weight gain, puffy face, nausea, mood swings, and trouble sleeping. The skin may get thinner. Acne, unusual hair growth, and spikes in blood sugar and blood pressure are expected. Because corticosteroids turn down the immune system, taking them makes the person prone to infections. Taking high doses of corticosteroids for a long time can cause serious side effects. Using them for more than 3 months can cause brittle bones and osteoporosis. Kids who take them for a long time might grow more slowly. Anabolic steroids have similar side effects. These steroids can cause bad acne and fluid retention. Long-term use can stop the body from making testosterone. In men, this causes smaller testicles, lower sperm counts, infertility, and breast growth. Women may have male-pattern baldness, facial hair growth, periods that change or stop, and a deeper voice. Teens that use them might stunt their bone growth and height. High doses can lead to extreme mood swings, anger, as well as aggression. Long-term anabolic use can damage the liver, kidneys, and heart. Severe fluid retention can cause heart swelling and heart failure. These drugs can also raise LDL cholesterol, which can make the person more likely to have heart attacks and strokes [16]. Aspects of formulation for inhaled drug delivery New and easier ways of drug deliveries are invented every day. This is a fact also for steroids. Inhaled steroids are popular especially for the management of conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). Inhaled formulations have many advantages including faster effectiveness, fewer side effects, ease of use, tolerability, and lower costs. Inhaled steroids are the mainstay treatment for controlling asthma. The use of inhaled steroids leads to better asthma control, fewer symptoms and flare-ups, and reduced need for hospitalization. Inhaled steroids come in three forms: the hydrofluoroalkane inhaler or HFA (formerly called a metered dose inhaler or MDI), dry powder inhaler (DPI), and nebulizer solutions. With aerosol devices, the typical inspiratory flow rate is around 30 litres per minute, which is a slow and steady breath in for around 4 seconds. The older pMDIs have a low deposition even with an ideal technique, of around 12% [17], although the newer devices have a softer plume and better valve technology, and some have smaller particle size increasing deposition. The Respimat device, although an aerosol inhaler, has a soft mist which increases deposition in the lung. The DPIs are dry powders and require less coordination. They do, however, require an adequate inhalation as it is an inspiratory flow that releases the medication from the carrier agent. The DPIs require a quick and deep inhalation, which may be problematic in patients with little inspiratory effort, for example, those with severely compromised lung function [18]. Inhalers contain different medicationsbronchodilators or corticosteroids, either singularly or combined. These medications have different durations of onset and action and an inhaled corticosteroid, for example, will not give a noticeable effect. If the person does not get instant relief from the inhaler, then they may take more doses, or conclude that their inhaler doesnt work [19]. Inhaled steroids have few side effects, especially at lower doses. Thrush and hoarseness (rare) may occur. Rinsing the mouth, gargling after using the inhalers, and using a spacer device with metered dose inhalers can help prevent these side effects. Thrush is easily treated with a prescription of antifungal lozenge or rinse. As a side note, it should be mentioned that many parents have concerns in giving their children steroids. The public should be informed that inhaled steroids are not the same as anabolic steroids that some athletes take to build muscle or increase performance. These steroids are anti-inflammatory drugs, which constitute the cornerstone of asthma therapy.

Monday, May 11, 2020

Biography of Annie Prolux - 993 Words

Annie Prolux is an author of eight books. She was born in Norwich, Connecticut on August 22, 1935. She is the oldest of fives sisters. She graduated high school in Portland, Maine and attended Colby College. She then attended the University of Vermont and received her bachelor’s degree in History. In 1973 she attended Sir George Williams University of Montreal, where she graduated with a master’s degree in History. In 1983 and 1987 Proulx landed two stories in The Best American Short Stories. She published her first fictional book called Heart Songs and Other Stories, in 1988, followed by a novel, Postcards, in 1992. She won a Pulitzer Prize and a National Book Award for the comic novel, The Shipping News. In 1998 Proulx won two O. Henry prize stories for Brokeback Mountain and The Mud Below. Brokeback Mountain later became an academy award winning film. In Prolux’s short story 55 Miles to the Gas Pump, a drunken rancher named Mr. Croom hides a secret from his wife. He gets drunk and falls off a cliff. After his death Mrs. Croom’s curiosity sets in. She cuts a hole in the roof and reveals twelve dead women. Some of the women she recognized from missing posters. The women were badly beaten, some covered in paint, and one covered in newspapers. Mr. Croom had the attic locked for twelve years. Proulx uses the plot to keep the reader interested by giving descriptions of the bodies. She starts the story off with Mr. Croom death. It keeps the reader interested to find out what

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal Statement Becoming A Doctor - 999 Words

As a typical first born child, I have parents who expected me to be a doctor one day. When we talked about colleges, they were always medical schools. When I asked my father what jobs to look into, he suggested pharmacist or surgeon. I never expected to become an engineer until my first week of junior year when I took my first calculus and physics classes. My teachers heralded engineering as the top profession of the day, and all my friends were planning on making them proud with their future careers as civil or mechanical engineers. When I told them my plans of becoming a physical therapist, they scoffed at me. Both my physics and calculus teachers told me, â€Å"You are wasting your potential if that is your goal in life!† Although I knew they were exaggerating, their passion on the subject is what originally drove me to look into engineering. However, I was still passionate about helping people with health issues. I wanted to save lives in my career, and I was not sure if e ngineering would be a direct enough impact for me to find happiness in it. That was when I decided to search â€Å"medical engineering† on YouTube, and I was not disappointed. I found a video about Michelle Khine, who became my engineering hero. Michelle Khine quickly revealed herself to be everything I want to be. The video highlighted her life, showing off her three jobs as professor at a university, leader of a research lab, and co-founder of a nano technologies company called Fluxion Bioscience Inc.. She isShow MoreRelatedPersonal Reflection Statement800 Words   |  4 PagesPersonal Reflection Statement The medical field attracts a wide variety of individuals from all walks of life. The reasons for their shared choice, to pursue a career as a practitioner of medicine, are similarly different. Several of my classmates and friends can point to specific events that helped them make their choice, moments of inspiration when they consciously decided to become physicians. I had no such epiphany, but my choice to study at DMU was influenced by two main factors. AdditionallyRead MoreThe Doctor, Starring William Hurt And Elizabeth Perkins1368 Words   |  6 Pagespatients are faced with what the New York Times (2005) calls the â€Å"bane of the medical profession: the difficult doctor.† These physicians patronize their patients and speak to them condescendingly during their time of tribulation, and it has deep and intense repercussions for them. Not only is this incredibly unprofessional but it is not something a patient wants to hear when disclosing personal, intimate details o f their life. Patient care and consideration does not stop when the surgery or procedureRead MoreEssay about Forms of Healing in Ancient Times1518 Words   |  7 Pagesrelationships between doctors and patients have evolved, along with the way medicine is defined and practiced. Specifically I would like to focus on forms of payment and their effect on the doctor-patient relationship and how payment and the practice of medicine have changed over time. These changes led to a healer-patient relationship that was not as personal as it was in the time of Galen. Instead of the healer playing the role of a friend helping his neighbor, we find that being a doctor became a formRead MoreHospice And Palliative Care Organization1541 Words   |  7 PagesEnd of life care is something that is becoming extremely prevalent today. This end of life care is referred to as Hospice. Here, patients who are terminally ill may be placed in Hospice care, where they will be under constant supervision and will be cared for. However, although Hospice is an ongoing process that exists everyday, there are few people who really know exactly what Hospice is and what it consists of. Upon further reading, it is hopeful that one will get a better sense of understandingRead MoreMy Plans And Aspirations For Completing A Graduate Education923 Words   |  4 PagesIn this personal statement I will address my plans and aspirations for completing a graduate education. I believe that an adequate college education is a necessity in today’s society. There are numerous resources and opportunities available to those who choose to seek a college education. I am committed to continuing my education to achieve my career goal of becoming a family nurse practitioner. Several members of my family are in the healthcare field, as both doctors and nurses. I have had the privilegeRead MoreMalpractice or Poor Judgement? Essay973 Words   |  4 Pages(COPRA) in April 1993, the number of malpractice suits filed against doctors has begun to soar. For example, in Kerala, approximately 1800 cases (15% of the total number of cases) have been filed. As Dr. Dipak Banerjee of the Indian Medical Association puts it: Its degenerating into a kind of witch-hunt. For years the community of doctors across India was immune to charges of malpractice, but the tide has begun to turn. Doctors are now having to dish out larger sums of money in order to insureRead MoreHave Uk Prime Ministers Become More Presidential in Recent Years?1019 Words   |  5 Pagesthe UK’s Prime Minister is still a Prime Minister. In recent years there has been an increase in the growth of spatial leadership. The tendency of Prime Ministers to distance themselves from their party and government has increased, developing a personal ideological stance. Prime Ministers such as Blair and Thatcher are key examples. Both Prime Ministers have developed their own stances: ‘Blairism’ and ‘Thatcherism’. Blair, for example, had really bad attendance at Parliament and his Cabinet MinistersRead MoreWhat I Learned At My Senior Year I1018 Words   |  5 Pagesalmost out of residency and medical school, I started learning about medicine through their experiences. How they combined their own unique interests with their desire to serve. I knew that although interesting, becoming a doctor is a long and hard road. One that requires serious personal investigation and hardened commitment. I started investigating healthcare while I dealt with the reality of living paycheck to paycheck. I found a compromise with a competitive internship as a medicinal chemistRead MoreStephen Jay Gould s Life761 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"You have eight months to live† that statement may elicit fear into a normal patient sitting in their doctors’ office. Or perhaps it becomes a death sentence for that particular person. Yet, for Stephen Jay Gould it became a motivator. Stephen Jay Gould, a Paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science, was diagnosed with abdominal mesothelioma in 1982. When he was told his life expectancy was eight months he did what most would not; he looked at the statistics. Gould was not anRead MoreA Personal Statement On Medical Advancement Of A Double Edged Sword939 Words   |  4 Pages UCLA Personal Statement â€Å"To Live On†, a 2005 art installation composed of roses and infusion bags by Min Jeong Seo, elegantly captures the idea of medical advancement of a double edged sword. Seo’s art piece involves fifty long stemmed roses, eerily suspended with the blooms perfectly preserved in infusion bags, while the stems hang freely, drying and decaying at their own pace. It’s an apt visual metaphor that showcases the good and bad consequences of constant medical research and development

Twilight 18. THE HUNT Free Essays

string(46) " eyes never left me, his nostrils still wide\." 18. THE HUNT They emerged one by one from the forest edge, ranging a dozen meters apart. The first male into the clearing fell back immediately, allowing the other male to take the front, orienting himself around the tall, dark-haired man in a manner that clearly displayed who led the pack. We will write a custom essay sample on Twilight 18. THE HUNT or any similar topic only for you Order Now The third was a woman; from this distance, all I could see of her was that her hair was a startling shade of red. They closed ranks before they continued cautiously toward Edward’s family, exhibiting the natural respect of a troop of predators as it encounters a larger, unfamiliar group of its own kind. As they approached, I could see how different they were from the Cullens. Their walk was catlike, a gait that seemed constantly on the edge of shifting into a crouch. They dressed in the ordinary gear of backpackers: jeans and casual button-down shirts in heavy, weatherproof fabrics. The clothes were frayed, though, with wear, and they were barefoot. Both men had cropped hair, but the woman’s brilliant orange hair was filled with leaves and debris from the woods. Their sharp eyes carefully took in the more polished, urbane stance of Carlisle, who, flanked by Emmett and Jasper, stepped guardedly forward to meet them. Without any seeming communication between them, they each straightened into a more casual, erect bearing. The man in front was easily the most beautiful, his skin olive-toned beneath the typical pallor, his hair a glossy black. He was of a medium build, hard-muscled, of course, but nothing next to Emmett’s brawn. He smiled an easy smile, exposing a flash of gleaming white teeth. The woman was wilder, her eyes shifting restlessly between the men facing her, and the loose grouping around me, her chaotic hair quivering in the slight breeze. Her posture was distinctly feline. The second male hovered unobtrusively behind them, slighter than the leader, his light brown hair and regular features both nondescript. His eyes, though completely still, somehow seemed the most vigilant. Their eyes were different, too. Not the gold or black I had come to expect, but a deep burgundy color that was disturbing and sinister. The dark-haired man, still smiling, stepped toward Carlisle. â€Å"We thought we heard a game,† he said in a relaxed voice with the slightest of French accents. â€Å"I’m Laurent, these are Victoria and James.† He gestured to the vampires beside him. â€Å"I’m Carlisle. This is my family, Emmett and Jasper, Rosalie, Esme and Alice, Edward and Bella.† He pointed us out in groups, deliberately not calling attention to individuals. I felt a shock when he said my name. â€Å"Do you have room for a few more players?† Laurent asked sociably. Carlisle matched Laurent’s friendly tone. â€Å"Actually, we were just finishing up. But we’d certainly be interested another time. Are you planning to stay in the area for long?† â€Å"We’re headed north, in fact, but we were curious to see who was in the neighborhood. We haven’t run into any company in a long time.† â€Å"No, this region is usually empty except for us and the occasional visitor, like yourselves.† The tense atmosphere had slowly subsided into a casual conversation; I guessed that Jasper was using his peculiar gift to control the situation. â€Å"What’s your hunting range?† Laurent casually inquired. Carlisle ignored the assumption behind the inquiry. â€Å"The Olympic Range here, up and down the Coast Ranges on occasion. We keep a permanent residence nearby. There’s another permanent settlement like ours up near Denali.† Laurent rocked back on his heels slightly. â€Å"Permanent? How do you manage that?† There was honest curiosity in his voice. â€Å"Why don’t you come back to our home with us and we can talk comfortably?† Carlisle invited. â€Å"It’s a rather long story.† James and Victoria exchanged a surprised look at the mention of the word â€Å"home,† but Laurent controlled his expression better. â€Å"That sounds very interesting, and welcome.† His smile was genial. â€Å"We’ve been on the hunt all the way down from Ontario, and we haven’t had the chance to clean up in a while.† His eyes moved appreciatively over Carlisle’s refined appearance. â€Å"Please don’t take offense, but we’d appreciate it if you’d refrain from hunting in this immediate area. We have to stay inconspicuous, you understand,† Carlisle explained. â€Å"Of course.† Laurent nodded. â€Å"We certainly won’t encroach on your territory. We just ate outside of Seattle, anyway,† he laughed. A shiver ran up my spine. â€Å"We’ll show you the way if you’d like to run with us – Emmett and Alice, you can go with Edward and Bella to get the Jeep,† he casually added. Three things seemed to happen simultaneously while Carlisle was speaking. My hair ruffled with the light breeze, Edward stiffened, and the second male, James, suddenly whipped his head around, scrutinizing me, his nostrils flaring. A swift rigidity fell on all of them as James lurched one step forward into a crouch. Edward bared his teeth, crouching in defense, a feral snarl ripping from his throat. It was nothing like the playful sounds I’d heard from him this morning; it was the single most menacing thing I had ever heard, and chills ran from the crown of my head to the back of my heels. â€Å"What’s this?† Laurent exclaimed in open surprise. Neither James nor Edward relaxed their aggressive poses. James feinted slightly to the side, and Edward shifted in response. â€Å"She’s with us.† Carlisle’s firm rebuff was directed toward James. Laurent seemed to catch my scent less powerfully than James, but awareness now dawned on his face. â€Å"You brought a snack?† he asked, his expression incredulous as he took an involuntary step forward. Edward snarled even more ferociously, harshly, his lip curling high above his glistening, bared teeth. Laurent stepped back again. â€Å"I said she’s with us,† Carlisle corrected in a hard voice. â€Å"But she’s human,† Laurent protested. The words were not at all aggressive, merely astounded. â€Å"Yes.† Emmett was very much in evidence at Carlisle’s side, his eyes on James. James slowly straightened out of his crouch, but his eyes never left me, his nostrils still wide. You read "Twilight 18. THE HUNT" in category "Essay examples" Edward stayed tensed like a lion in front of me. When Laurent spoke, his tone was soothing – trying to defuse the sudden hostility. â€Å"It appears we have a lot to learn about each other.† â€Å"Indeed.† Carlisle’s voice was still cool. â€Å"But we’d like to accept your invitation.† His eyes flicked toward me and back to Carlisle. â€Å"And, of course, we will not harm the human girl. We won’t hunt in your range, as I said.† James glanced in disbelief and aggravation at Laurent and exchanged another brief look with Victoria, whose eyes still flickered edgily from face to face. Carlisle measured Laurent’s open expression for a moment before he spoke. â€Å"We’ll show you the way. Jasper, Rosalie, Esme?† he called. They gathered together, blocking me from view as they converged. Alice was instantly at my side, and Emmett fell back slowly, his eyes locked on James as he backed toward us. â€Å"Let’s go, Bella.† Edward’s voice was low and bleak. This whole time I’d been rooted in place, terrified into absolute immobility. Edward had to grip my elbow and pull sharply to break my trance. Alice and Emmett were close behind us, hiding me. I stumbled alongside Edward, still stunned with fear. I couldn’t hear if the main group had left yet. Edward’s impatience was almost tangible as we moved at human speed to the forest edge. Once we were into the trees, Edward slung me over his back without breaking stride. I gripped as tightly as possible as he took off, the others close on his heels. I kept my head down, but my eyes, wide with fright, wouldn’t close. They plunged through the now-black forest like wraiths. The sense of exhilaration that usually seemed to possess Edward as he ran was completely absent, replaced by a fury that consumed him and drove him still faster. Even with me on his back, the others trailed behind. We reached the Jeep in an impossibly short time, and Edward barely slowed as he flung me in the backseat. â€Å"Strap her in,† he ordered Emmett, who slid in beside me. Alice was already in the front seat, and Edward was starting the engine. It roared to life and we swerved backward, spinning around to face the winding road. Edward was growling something too fast for me to understand, but it sounded a lot like a string of profanities. The jolting trip was much worse this time, and the darkness only made it more frightening. Emmett and Alice both glared out the side windows. We hit the main road, and though our speed increased, I could see much better where we were going. And we were headed south, away from Forks. â€Å"Where are we going?† I asked. No one answered. No one even looked at me. â€Å"Dammit, Edward! Where are you taking me?† â€Å"We have to get you away from here – far away – now.† He didn’t look back, his eyes on the road. The speedometer read a hundred and five miles an hour. â€Å"Turn around! You have to take me home!† I shouted. I struggled with the stupid harness, tearing at the straps. â€Å"Emmett,† Edward said grimly. And Emmett secured my hands in his steely grasp. â€Å"No! Edward! No, you can’t do this.† â€Å"I have to, Bella, now please be quiet.† â€Å"I won’t! You have to take me back – Charlie will call the FBI! They’ll be all over your family – Carlisle and Esme! They’ll have to leave, to hide forever!† â€Å"Calm down, Bella.† His voice was cold. â€Å"We’ve been there before.† â€Å"Not over me, you don’t! You’re not ruining everything over me!† I struggled violently, with total futility. Alice spoke for the first time. â€Å"Edward, pull over.† He flashed her a hard look, and then sped up. â€Å"Edward, let’s just talk this through.† â€Å"You don’t understand,† he roared in frustration. I’d never heard his voice so loud; it was deafening in the confines of the Jeep. The speedometer neared one hundred and fifteen. â€Å"He’s a tracker, Alice, did you see that? He’s a tracker!† I felt Emmett stiffen next to me, and I wondered at his reaction to the word. It meant something more to the three of them than it did to me; I wanted to understand, but there was no opening for me to ask. â€Å"Pull over, Edward.† Alice’s tone was reasonable, but there was a ring of authority in it I’d never heard before. The speedometer inched passed one-twenty. â€Å"Do it, Edward.† â€Å"Listen to me, Alice. I saw his mind. Tracking is his passion, his obsession – and he wants her, Alice – her, specifically. He begins the hunt tonight.† â€Å"He doesn’t know where -â€Å" He interrupted her. â€Å"How long do you think it will take him to cross her scent in town? His plan was already set before the words were out of Laurent’s mouth.† I gasped, knowing where my scent would lead. â€Å"Charlie! You can’t leave him there! You can’t leave him!† I thrashed against the harness. â€Å"She’s right,† Alice said. The car slowed slightly. â€Å"Let’s just look at our options for a minute,† Alice coaxed. The car slowed again, more noticeably, and then suddenly we screeched to a stop on the shoulder of the highway. I flew against the harness, and then slammed back into the seat. â€Å"There are no options,† Edward hissed. â€Å"I’m not leaving Charlie!† I yelled. He ignored me completely. â€Å"We have to take her back,† Emmett finally spoke. â€Å"No.† Edward was absolute. â€Å"He’s no match for us, Edward. He won’t be able to touch her.† â€Å"He’ll wait.† Emmett smiled. â€Å"I can wait, too.† â€Å"You didn’t see – you don’t understand. Once he commits to a hunt, he’s unshakable. We’d have to kill him.† Emmett didn’t seem upset by the idea. â€Å"That’s an option.† â€Å"And the female. She’s with him. If it turns into a fight, the leader will go with them, too.† â€Å"There are enough of us.† â€Å"There’s another option,† Alice said quietly. Edward turned on her in fury, his voice a blistering snarl. â€Å"There – is – no – other – option!† Emmett and I both stared at him in shock, but Alice seemed unsurprised. The silence lasted for a long minute as Edward and Alice stared each other down. I broke it. â€Å"Does anyone want to hear my plan?† â€Å"No,† Edward growled. Alice glared at him, finally provoked. â€Å"Listen,† I pleaded. â€Å"You take me back.† â€Å"No,† he interrupted. I glared at him and continued. â€Å"You take me back. I tell my dad I want to go home to Phoenix. I pack my bags. We wait till this tracker is watching, and then we run. He’ll follow us and leave Charlie alone. Charlie won’t call the FBI on your family. Then you can take me any damned place you want.† They stared at me, stunned. â€Å"It’s not a bad idea, really.† Emmett’s surprise was definitely an insult. â€Å"It might work – and we simply can’t leave her father unprotected. You know that,† Alice said. Everyone looked at Edward. â€Å"It’s too dangerous – I don’t want him within a hundred miles of her.† Emmett was supremely confident. â€Å"Edward, he’s not getting through us.† Alice thought for a minute. â€Å"I don’t see him attacking. He’ll try to wait for us to leave her alone.† â€Å"It won’t take long for him to realize that’s not going to happen.† â€Å"I demand that you take me home.† I tried to sound firm. Edward pressed his fingers to his temples and squeezed his eyes shut. â€Å"Please,† I said in a much smaller voice. He didn’t look up. When he spoke, his voice sounded worn. â€Å"You’re leaving tonight, whether the tracker sees or not. You tell Charlie that you can’t stand another minute in Forks. Tell him whatever story works. Pack the first things your hands touch, and then get in your truck. I don’t care what he says to you. You have fifteen minutes. Do you hear me? Fifteen minutes from the time you cross the doorstep.† The Jeep rumbled to life, and he spun us around, the tires squealing. The needle on the speedometer started to race up the dial. â€Å"Emmett?† I asked, looking pointedly at my hands. â€Å"Oh, sorry.† He let me loose. A few minutes passed in silence, other than the roar of the engine. Then Edward spoke again. â€Å"This is how it’s going to happen. When we get to the house, if the tracker is not there, I will walk her to the door. Then she has fifteen minutes.† He glared at me in the rearview mirror. â€Å"Emmett, you take the outside of the house. Alice, you get the truck. I’ll be inside as long as she is. After she’s out, you two can take the Jeep home and tell Carlisle.† â€Å"No way,† Emmett broke in. â€Å"I’m with you.† â€Å"Think it through, Emmett. I don’t know how long I’ll be gone.† â€Å"Until we know how far this is going to go, I’m with you.† Edward sighed. â€Å"If the tracker is there,† he continued grimly, â€Å"we keep driving.† â€Å"We’re going to make it there before him,† Alice said confidently. Edward seemed to accept that. Whatever his problem with Alice was, he didn’t doubt her now. â€Å"What are we going to do with the Jeep?† she asked. His voice had a hard edge. â€Å"You’re driving it home.† â€Å"No, I’m not,† she said calmly. The unintelligible stream of profanities started again. â€Å"We can’t all fit in my truck,† I whispered. Edward didn’t appear to hear me. â€Å"I think you should let me go alone,† I said even more quietly. He heard that. â€Å"Bella, please just do this my way, just this once,† he said between clenched teeth. â€Å"Listen, Charlie’s not an imbecile,† I protested. â€Å"If you’re not in town tomorrow, he’s going to get suspicious.† â€Å"That’s irrelevant. We’ll make sure he’s safe, and that’s all that matters.† â€Å"Then what about this tracker? He saw the way you acted tonight. He’s going to think you’re with me, wherever you are.† Emmett looked at me, insultingly surprised again. â€Å"Edward, listen to her,† he urged. â€Å"I think she’s right.† â€Å"Yes, she is,† Alice agreed. â€Å"I can’t do that.† Edward’s voice was icy. â€Å"Emmett should stay, too,† I continued. â€Å"He definitely got an eyeful of Emmett.† â€Å"What?† Emmett turned on me. â€Å"You’ll get a better crack at him if you stay,† Alice agreed. Edward stared at her incredulously. â€Å"You think I should let her go alone?† â€Å"Of course not,† Alice said. â€Å"Jasper and I will take her.† â€Å"I can’t do that,† Edward repeated, but this time there was a trace of defeat in his voice. The logic was working on him. I tried to be persuasive. â€Å"Hang out here for a week -† I saw his expression in the mirror and amended â€Å"- a few days. Let Charlie see you haven’t kidnapped me, and lead this James on a wild-goose chase. Make sure he’s completely off my trail. Then come and meet me. Take a roundabout route, of course, and then Jasper and Alice can go home.† I could see him beginning to consider it. â€Å"Meet you where?† â€Å"Phoenix.† Of course. â€Å"No. He’ll hear that’s where you’re going,† he said impatiently. â€Å"And you’ll make it look like that’s a ruse, obviously. He’ll know that we’ll know that he’s listening. He’ll never believe I’m actually going where I say I am going.† â€Å"She’s diabolical,† Emmett chuckled. â€Å"And if that doesn’t work?† â€Å"There are several million people in Phoenix,† I informed him. â€Å"It’s not that hard to find a phone book.† â€Å"I won’t go home.† â€Å"Oh?† he inquired, a dangerous note in his voice. â€Å"I’m quite old enough to get my own place.† â€Å"Edward, we’ll be with her,† Alice reminded him. â€Å"What are you going to do in Phoenix?† he asked her scathingly. â€Å"Stay indoors.† â€Å"I kind of like it.† Emmett was thinking about cornering James, no doubt. â€Å"Shut up, Emmett.† â€Å"Look, if we try to take him down while she’s still around, there’s a much better chance that someone will get hurt – she’ll get hurt, or you will, trying to protect her. Now, if we get him alone†¦Ã¢â‚¬  He trailed off with a slow smile. I was right. The Jeep was crawling slowly along now as we drove into town. Despite my brave talk, I could feel the hairs on my arms standing up. I thought about Charlie, alone in the house, and tried to be courageous. â€Å"Bella.† Edward’s voice was very soft. Alice and Emmett looked out their windows. â€Å"If you let anything happen to yourself- anything at all – I’m holding you personally responsible. Do you understand that?† â€Å"Yes,† I gulped. He turned to Alice. â€Å"Can Jasper handle this?† â€Å"Give him some credit, Edward. He’s been doing very, very well, all things considered.† â€Å"Can you handle this?† he asked. And graceful little Alice pulled back her lips in a horrific grimace and let loose with a guttural snarl that had me cowering against the seat in terror. Edward smiled at her. â€Å"But keep your opinions to yourself,† he muttered suddenly. How to cite Twilight 18. THE HUNT, Essay examples

Organizational Culture at Pixar free essay sample

Organizational culture  which is also called corporate culture can be defined as a personality of the organization. As we know personality has always played a major role in Mans success, in the same way organizational culture can play a major role in company success. Now in days most of the businesses that are very successful have build a very typical culture that works towards their success. Pixar Is a very good example of how organizational culture can be a key element to a company success. Pixar has a very unique corporate culture that is very typical to them and it works and help them meet their goals, that is why pixar has always had success since they started their computer animation business. Pixar is a very successful company, No other film company in history has come close to pixars record of successful movies-eleven out of eleven have been box office success, and each has been nominated for an academy award. We will write a custom essay sample on Organizational Culture at Pixar or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page ( Cameron, Quinn -Diagnosing and changing organizational culture). Most people think that pixar   owes its success to its particular work culture This success, according to people we know at Pixar, is due to a clan culture(Cameron, Quinn- Diagnosing and changing organizational culture). According to Cameron and Quinn, clan ( or collaborate) culture happens in the company when its organization looks more like a family-type. According to them pixar is organized like a family. Pixar make the people working for them feel as comfortable as possible, they make them feel like they are more a part of a family than team work. They believe that this makes pixars employees be as more productive as possible and thus help them meet their goals. Pixars top managers are always looking for creativity because they believe that owe their amazing success to their permanent creativity. In order for them to always be attain that they have to get as much ideas they can. To achieve that they allow their workers from all levels to always express their ideas and themselves. They allow them to give feedback to any ideas even the ones that come from the top managers. Pixars CEO Ed Catmull talk about that in his piece of writing on Harvard Business Review   A movie contains literally tens of thousands of ideas. They’re in the form of every sentence; in the performance of each line; in the design of characters, sets, and backgrounds; in the locations of the camera; in the colors, the lighting, the pacing. The director and the other creative eaders of a production do not come up with all the ideas on their own; rather, every single member of the 200- to 250-person production group makes suggestions. Creativity must be present at every level of every artistic and technical part of the organization . To allow them to use all the ideas from all the workers in all their projects so they transform these ideas into the blockbusters movies, pixar try to create a work environment that make workers fell like they are home so they could express themselves and that can help them come up with good ideas. Ed Catmull is referring to pixar as community when he says Pixar is a community in the true sense of the word . This shows that pixar organizational culture   is like community where people interact freely together, work together, help each other. There is no silos at pixar everyone can talk to everyone to solve problems or to come up with new ideas. Foot notes:       Cameron, Quinn- Diagnosing and changing organizational culture * Harvard Business Review- How pixar fosters collective creativity. www. hbr. org